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The Russian Railway system is in the process of rapid legal, organisational and regulatory reform. This paper is based on a series of discussions with the Government on the reform plans and the progress in implementing reform. The conclusions are not intended to be interpreted as requirements or instructions on the next steps in the process. They instead aim to raise questions where, from observing difficult reform issues in other
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Competition policy is central to regulatory reform, because its principles and analysis provide a benchmark for assessing the quality of economic and social regulations, as well as motivate the application of the laws that protect competition. As regulatory reform stimulates structural change, vigorous enforcement of competition policy is needed to prevent private market abuses from reversing the benefits of reform. A complement to
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This report is part of the OECD regulatory reform programme which assesses the regulatory framework of countries examined and suggests possible improvements to enhance economic growth, competition, innovation and market openness.
The Russia review follows a multidisciplinary approach and covers the overall economic context for regulatory reform, the government’s capacity to manage regulatory reform, competition policy and enforcement, and market openness.
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The Russian government has embarked on a highly ambitious program of electricity reform. Russian policymakers have recognised that attracting timely and appropriate investment will remain a substantial and ongoing challenge, which can most effectively be addressed through the creation of efficient electricity markets operating in response to genuine price signals, within a robust and predictable legal and regulatory framework.
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The Guiding Principles for Regulatory Quality and Performance provide guidance for government action to ensure that regulations, and government asset management, in regulated sectors are of high quality and appropriately promote competition and markets. They were adopted by the OECD Council in April 2005. Several policy committees, including the Competition Committee’s Working Party on Competition and Regulation, participated in their
This paper presents, discusses and analyses the use of RIA in OECD memberstates, and identifies challenges for developing countries in establishing appropriate RIA systems.
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The checklist is a voluntary tool that member economies may use to evaluate their respective regulatory reform efforts. There is no single model of regulatory reform, but this does not mean that standards, goals and well-structured institutions do not matter. Based on the accumulated knowledge of APEC and the OECD, the Checklist highlights key issues that should be considered during the process of development and implementation of
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Les Recommandations pour la qualité et la performance de la réglementation ont été approuvées par le Groupe spécial sur la politique de la réglementation (SGRP) lors de sa réunion le 15 mars. Les Recommandations reprennent les sept principes des Recommandations de l’OCDE pour la réforme de la réglementation (1997), mais la documentation a été mise à jour et augmentée en tenant compte des bilans réalisés par le SGRP et les organes
This working paper discusses the current state of product market competition and related policies in Iceland.