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Publications & Documents
English, , 276kb
This report describes why occupational pensions play a major role in OECD countries and worldwide, complementing retirement income from state sources. Their financial importance is highlighted by the volume of assets they manage on behalf of plan members, USD 22 trillion at the end of 2008. Population ageing has also led many OECD countries to undertake a wide range of pension reforms – the overall effect of which has been to reduce
Despite the improvement in regulatory indicators, overall productivity performance has improved very little in Italy. This chapter reviews a number of possible structural explanations.
Italy is facing strong headwinds from the international financial crisis but so far its banking system has been more resilient than in other countries. This chapter suggests that this reflects a combination of factors.
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The financial sector is vulnerable to systemic loss of trust. The current crisis resulted from failures in financial market regulation, not failure of competition. Competition and stability can co-exist in the financial sector: more competitive market structures promote stability by reducing the number of banks that are “too big to fail”. Competition helps make the financial sector efficient and ensure that rescue and stimulus
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Gasoline retailing has changed dramatically over the last 25 years. While refiners often still have extensive networks of gasoline retailers, there is also a large independent sector in many countries. A study of the effects of entry by large general retailers finds benefits to consumers.
There has been a vigorous debate about whether vertical separation between gasoline stations and upstream entities should be required. It appears
This Working Paper identifies some of the key policy issues related to multi-level regulatory governance, and contributes to a “Framework for Analysis of Multi-level Regulatory Governance”.
Two workshops were organised in South Africa in 2009 to discuss the issue of regulatory governance.
This page presents documentation on regulatory reform that is available both in English and in Chinese.
New Zealand’s living standards remain well below the OECD average. This is entirely attributable to persistently low labour productivity, which in turn is related to economic geography as well as structural policy factors.
This paper describes patterns and developments of regulation that potentially affect product market competition in OECD countries over the past decade. It uses the 2008 update and revision of the OECD indicators of product market regulation (PMR).