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Is competition policy sufficiently integrated into the general policy framework for regulation? Competition policy is central to regulatory reform, because (as background report to Chapter 2 shows) its principles and analysis provide a benchmark for assessing the quality of economic and social regulations, as well as motivate the application of the laws that protect competition.
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Competition policy and enforcement have promoted two fundamental aspects of reform in Korea: increased reliance on markets rather than central government direction to drive growth and increased openness and transparency of public institutions and major private enterprises. Korea’s independent competition agency, the Korea Fair Trade Commission (KFTC), plays a central role in major reform efforts, and it has stepped up its enforcement
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US competition policy is grounded in principles of economics and has been a powerful tool in regulatory reform. Competition law enforcement and policy advice have played central roles in successful efforts over the last 20 years to reform and often eliminate anti-competitive economic regulation of transport, energy, telecommunications, and services.