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Government concerns about high electricity prices, the highest in the OECD, have led to reforms of the sector of which the introduction of competition is seen as a key measure.
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Japan is one of the few countries to have introduced competition in the 1980s, along with the United States and the United Kingdom. Since market liberalisation began in 1985, Japan has introduced many liberalisation measures to encourage fair com...
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The telecommunications industry has seen significant regulatory reform in OECD countries in recent years. Twenty-three OECD countries now have unrestricted market access to all forms of telecommunications, including voice telephony, infrastructur...
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Does the national regulatory system allow foreign and domestic enterprises to take full advantage of competitive global markets? Reducing regulatory barriers to trade and investment enables countries in an expanding global economy to benefit more...
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Regulation of the electricity supply industry in the United States has been undergoing a major reform for several years. While inter-utility trading of electricity and generation by independent power producers have become substantial over the pas...
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The Czech Republic has endured a period of profound economic change since the collapse of the Soviet block. The broad and deep changes to the legal structure and institutional frameworks necessary to make the transition to a market economy are de...
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In recent years, the Czech Republic?s programme for pro-competitive regulatory reform has been driven by the principles prescribed by European Union (EU) directives and the 1997 WTO agreement on basic telecommunications. The Czech Republic?s mark...
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As border barriers to trade fall, the impact of domestic regulations on international trade and investment becomes more apparent. While regulations aim at reaching objectives such as health, safety or the environment, that may be in the public in...
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The report was prepared for The OECD Review of Regulatory Reform in Turkey published in November 2002. The Review is one of a series of country reports carried out under the OECD's Regulatory Reform Programme, in response to the 1997 mandate by O...
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This report on Regulatory Reform in Electricity, Domestic Ferries and Trucking analyses the institutional set-up and use of policy instruments in Turkey. It also includes the country-specific policy recommendations developed by the OECD during th...