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Regulatory reform has emerged as an important policy area in OECD and non-OECD countries. Experience shows that institutional capacities and instruments are of crucial importance for a successful regulatory reform policy. This report on Governmen...
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Competition policy is central to regulatory reform. Its principles and analysis provide a benchmark for assessing the quality of economic and social regulations. It motivates the application of laws that protect competition, which must be applied vigorously as regulatory reform stimulates structural change so that private market abuses do not reverse the benefits of reform.
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Ten years after Hungary made the formal change from a centrally planned economy to a market system, the competition issues that appear in Hungary’s markets are comparable to those in other OECD countries in Europe. The general competition law is already 15 years old. It has been revised twice, most recently in order to mirror EU standards more closely.
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Is competition policy sufficiently integrated into the general policy framework for regulation? Competition policy is central to regulatory reform, because (as background report to Chapter 2 shows) its principles and analysis provide a benchmark for assessing the quality of economic and social regulations, as well as motivate the application of the laws that protect competition.
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Competition policy and enforcement have promoted two fundamental aspects of reform in Korea: increased reliance on markets rather than central government direction to drive growth and increased openness and transparency of public institutions and major private enterprises. Korea’s independent competition agency, the Korea Fair Trade Commission (KFTC), plays a central role in major reform efforts, and it has stepped up its enforcement
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US competition policy is grounded in principles of economics and has been a powerful tool in regulatory reform. Competition law enforcement and policy advice have played central roles in successful efforts over the last 20 years to reform and often eliminate anti-competitive economic regulation of transport, energy, telecommunications, and services.