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The reduction of barriers to trade and investment internationally has enabled Norway to take advantage of the expanding global market. At the same time a gradually more open market in Norway has provided benefits to consumers and contributed to e...
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The modern public governance led a number of OECD countries to establish independent bodies or agencies with a differentiated governance structure, in order to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of government entities with specialised funct...
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Italy is profoundly changing the role of the public sector in the ?productive sphere.? Until the 1990s, the State was directly involved in production. Public utilities were organised in a monopolistic way, and the State granted concessions and su...
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The telecommunications industry has undergone significant regulatory reform over the last decade. By the beginning of 2001, 27 OECD Member countries have liberalised their telecommunications market, including voice telephony, infrastructure inves...
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As trade barriers to trade have fallen, the impact of domestic regulations on international trade and investment has become more apparent than ever. While regulations aim at reaching arguable objectives such as health, safety or the environment, ...
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Ireland?s stellar growth performance in recent years reflects an array of policy reforms and in particular Ireland?s commitments in the context of ongoing integration within the European Union, through the Single European Market Programme and the...
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The Irish electricity and gas sectors are dominated by two vertically integrated state-owned entities, the Electricity Supply Board (ESB) and Bord Gáis, respectively. Electricity and gas demand are growing rapidly, reflecting GDP growth.
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The telecommunications sector in OECD countries has seen significant regulatory reform in recent years. Twenty-four OECD countries had, in 2000, unrestricted market access to all forms of telecommunications, including voice telephony, infrastruct...
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Denmark has engaged the reform of its electricity sector. This report commends the decision to reform but underlines that additional measures are needed for reform to succeed.
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Following the collapse of the former Soviet Union (FSU) and Hungary?s economic ties with the countries of the Council of Mutual Economic Assistance (CMEA) in 1989 to 1991, the country underwent a difficult period of transition from the former sta...