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This report on Electricity, Gas, and Pharmacies – Part II analyses the institutional set-up and use of policy instruments in Germany. It also includes the country-specific policy recommendations developed by the OECD during the review process.
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This report on Regulatory Reform in the Telecommunications Sector analyses the institutional set-up and use of policy instruments in Germany. It also includes the country-specific policy recommendations developed by the OECD during the review process.
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The telecommunications industry has undergone significant regulatory reform over the last decade. By mid-1999, 23 of the OECD countries had liberalised their telecommunications market, including voice telephony, infrastructure investment and inve...
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Does the national regulatory system allow market participants to take full advantage of competitive markets? Reducing regulatory barriers to trade and investment enables countries in an expanding global economy to benefit more fully from comparat...
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The Korean electricity sector is distinguished from those of other OECD countries by its rapid expansion. Electricity demand in Korea tripled over the period 1987-97. While demand for electricity dropped in 1998 due to the recession, it has rebou...
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The reduction of barriers to trade and investment internationally has enabled Norway to take advantage of the expanding global market. At the same time a gradually more open market in Norway has provided benefits to consumers and contributed to e...
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The modern public governance led a number of OECD countries to establish independent bodies or agencies with a differentiated governance structure, in order to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of government entities with specialised funct...
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Italy is profoundly changing the role of the public sector in the ?productive sphere.? Until the 1990s, the State was directly involved in production. Public utilities were organised in a monopolistic way, and the State granted concessions and su...
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The telecommunications industry has undergone significant regulatory reform over the last decade. By the beginning of 2001, 27 OECD Member countries have liberalised their telecommunications market, including voice telephony, infrastructure inves...
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As trade barriers to trade have fallen, the impact of domestic regulations on international trade and investment has become more apparent than ever. While regulations aim at reaching arguable objectives such as health, safety or the environment, ...