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The single market programme has already brought long–term benefits, but more can be done to enhance competitive pressures and ensure proper implementation of single market rules.
The EU needs to make the transition to a low–carbon economy, increase cross–border competition in electricity and gas markets and diversify Europe’s energy supply.
High expectations surrounded the two waves of eastward EU enlargement in 2004 and 2007, with the extension of the EU Internal Market being expected to deliver a substantial boost to economic growth in new and old member States alike.
Financial integration and development raise the likelihood of cross-border financial contagion. Further improvements are needed to European regulatory and supervisory frameworks to ensure financial stability.