Regional, rural and urban development

Agricultural Policies in the Philippines

In series:OECD Food and Agricultural Reviewsview more titles

Published on April 07, 2017

This report analyses Philippine agricultural policy. Agriculture provides 30% of total employment in the Philippines and represents 11% of its Gross Domestic Product. The Philippines has had notable recent overall economic success, yet improving agricultural performance remains challenging. Productivity growth lags behind other Southeast Asian countries, and a number of policy distortions hinder progress. With agricultural land resources also under pressure from frequent natural disasters, rising population and urbanisation, the report offers a series of recommendations to improve the sector’s performance and its ability to adapt to climate change.


Executive summary
Assessment and policy recommendations
The agricultural policy context in the Philippines
Trends and evaluation of agricultural policy in the Philippines
Adaptation to climate change in Philippine agriculture
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Key Policy Recommendations

1. Improve agricultural policy performance to enhance the sector’s long-term productivity growth

  • Re-focus the policy package to improve food security
  • Re-focus agrarian land policies from land distribution to securing property rights through land governance reforms
  • Focus budgetary support on long-term structural reform
  • Re-orient agricultural knowledge systems

2. Re-orient the focus of agricultural education and extension services to improve farm management skills

  • Adopt a holistic approach to risk management with a policy focus on catastrophic risks
  • Assess insurance and cash-transfer schemes that can encourage adaptive decisions

3. Improve agricultural sector’s capacity to adapt to climate change

  • Make climate-adaptation policy objectives consistent across programmes and institutions
  • Develop clear guidance on climate-adaptation “tagging”
  • Make sure that new infrastructure projects are “climate-proof”
  • Provide reliable climate information to farmers
  • Encourage more efficient use of water

4. Improve agricultural institutions and governance systems

  • Strengthen institutional co-ordination between the DA and other relevant departments and institutions that implement programmes supporting agriculture
  • Strengthen transparency and accountability of publicly-funded programmes
  • Accelerate efforts to build a solid policy-relevant statistical system.
  • Embed monitoring and evaluation mechanisms into the policy process