Regional development

Thematic Studies of Multi-Level Governance and Subnational Finance


For the past 20 years, the OECD has supported governments with comprehensive analytical insight into multi-level governance practices for place-based regional development.



Why multi-level governance is important

In the context of growing regional inequality, the advent of megatrends, and the "geography of discontent", governments at all levels must work in a strategic, collaborative and evidence-based fashion. To do so, robust multi-level governance arrangements among national, regional and local governments, as well as across jurisdictions, are called for. This can require adapting inter-government roles, relationships, and institutional frameworks to improve the quality of public services, the effectiveness of public investment and the sustainability of public finance.

The OECD Multi-Level Governance Studies help national and subnational governments design innovative solutions for today's policy challenges.


Green Finance in Regions and Cities

Rethinking Regional Development Policy

Making Decentralisation Work - A Handbook for Policy-Makers

Subnational Public-Private Partnerships

Multi-Level Governance Reforms


 Governance of EU funds

Providing insight into strengthening the governance and management of European Structural and Investment Funds (ESIF).

 Inter-municipal cooperation

Supporting countries with evidence and data to facilitate and enhance cooperation across local governments for improved public service delivery and investment.

 Regional and local government public finance

Helping municipal and regional governments better assess their spending capacities, with the new OECD databases and reports on subnational public finance

• Asymmetric decentralisation: trends, challenges and policy implications



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