Regional development

Publications on Regional Development

 

Regional development policy Regional innovation Rural development Urban development
Statistics and indicators Multi-level governance and public finance Water governance Territorial reviews
     
  Forthcoming  

 

Regional development policy

OECD Regional Outlook 2014

Regional Outlook 2014: Where Policies and People Meet

Regions and cities are on the front lines of many challenges faced by OECD countries today, from education and jobs to health care and quality of life. Getting regions and cities “right”, adapting policies to the specificities of where people live and work, is vital to improving citizens’ well-being. This second edition of the OECD Regional Outlook aims to help countries do just that. Part I describes the main trends and challenges today. Part II has a special focus on cities, looking at public investment, urban framework policies, and rural-urban issues. Part III presents a Policy Forum on the future of cities, with five contributions from distinguished authors and policy makers. Part IV offers profiles of regional development in all 34 OECD countries.

Policy Making after Disasters

Policy Making after Disasters: Helping Regions Become Resilient – The Case of Post-Earthquake Abruzzo (2013)

 The devastating earthquake that hit the regional capital L’Aquila and its surroundings on 6 April 2009 caused 309 deaths and was a significant economic shock, jeopardizing the long-term growth prospects of an already vulnerable region. The issues raised in the report can help other governments to rethink regional policy, for both regions vulnerable to natural disasters and for those facing long-term decline. As such, eight guiding recommendations for building resilient regions after a disaster are drawn. These guiding recommendations can provide a framework for policy making in other OECD regions.

 

Promoting Growth in All Regions | OECD Free preview | Powered by Keepeek Digital Asset Management Solution

Promoting Growth in all Regions (2012)

This publication highlights the importance of promoting growth in all types of OECD regions, particularly in underdeveloped ones. Helping underdeveloped regions to catch up will have a positive impact on a country’s national growth; in some cases more so than in already well-developed regions. Examinations of patterns of growth reveal that underdeveloped rural and intermediate regions tend to grow faster. Their catching-up potentially largely depends on human capital development, infrastructure and innovation-related activities but also on institutional factors and policies. This publication is based on anlaysis among all OECD regions and 23 case study regions from ten OECD countries over the period 1995-2007.

OECD Regional Outlook 2011 | OECD Free preview | Powered by Keepeek Digital Asset Management Solution

OECD Regional Outlook 2011: Building Resilient Regions for Stronger Economies

The OECD Regional Outlook 2011 provides an overview of the main developments in performance among OECD regions and the challenges for regional policy after the crisis. The first two chapters present fresh analysis of regional growth and labour-market trends, exploring their implications for policy. This is followed by three chapters offering focused analyses of key policy issues. 

Regional Development Policies in OECD Countries | OECD Free preview | Powered by Keepeek Digital Asset Management Solution

Regional Development Policies in OECD Countries (2010)

Policy makers need both a handy reference guide to the regional policies of their own and other countries and a broader analysis of trends in regional policies, based on sound, comparable information. Regional Policies in OECD Countries responds to this need. It is the first systematic, comparative analysis of OECD countries’ regional policies.  The report addresses fundamental regional policy concerns, such as: problem recognition; the objectives of regional policy; the legal/institutional framework; the urban/rural framework; budget structures; and the governance mechanisms linking national and sub-national governments as well as sectors.  The report will help countries to better understand regional policies and to formulate and diffuse horizontal policy recommendations. 

How Regions Grow | OECD Free preview | Powered by Keepeek Digital Asset Management Solution

How Regions Grow: Trends and Analysis (2009)

 Regional differences within OECD countries are often greater than those between countries and much inequality remains. This report explores what generates growth at the regional level. Based on in-depth econometric modelling and analyses, this report reframes the debate on regional policy and development, emphasising that opportunities for growth exist in all regions.

 

Regions Matter | OECD Free preview | Powered by Keepeek Digital Asset Management Solution

Regions Matter: Economic Recovery, Innovation and Sustainable Growth (2009)

Why do some regions grow faster than others, and in ways that do not always conform to economic theory? This is a central issue in today’s economic climate, when policy makers are looking for ways to stimulate new and sustainable growth. OECD work suggests that there is no one-size-fits-all answer to regional growth policy. Rather, regions grow in very varied ways and the simple concentration of resources in a place is not sufficient for long-term growth. This report draws on OECD analysis of regional data (including where growth happens, country-by-country), policy reviews and case studies. 

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Regional Innovation

 Regions and Innovation

Regions and Innovation: Collaborating Across Borders (2013)

This report examines cross-border collaboration on innovation, building on case studies of cross-border areas that include the following countries: Finland, Sweden, Norway, Estonia, Denmark, Germany, Netherlands, Belgium, United Kingdom and Ireland.

 

 Regions and Innovation Policy | OECD Free preview | Powered by Keepeek Digital Asset Management Solution

Regions and Innovation Policy (2011)

Regions and Innovation Policy addresses the needs of national and regional governments for greater clarity on how to strengthen the innovation capacity of regions. The first part of the book examines strategies, policies and governance, explaining why regions matter, what makes smart policy mixes, and multilevel governance.  The second part of the book looks at agencies, instruments and country information, showing how agencis can maximize their impact and what policy instruments work. The final chapter provides country-by-country summaries of what countries are doing.

 Globalisation and Regional Economies | OECD Free preview | Powered by Keepeek Digital Asset Management Solution

Globalisation and Regional Economies: Can OECD Regions Compete in Global Industries? (2007)

National and regional governments in OECD countries are looking for ways to ensure that regions maintain a competitive edge in industries that generate wealth and jobs. This report looks at how different regions are responding to these challenges and the strategies they have adopted to support existing competitive advantages and to transform their assets to develop new competitive strengths.

 

 Competitive Regional Clusters

Competitive Regional Clusters: National Policy Approaches (2007)

In today’s globalising world, the regional specialisations built up over decades are transforming rapidly. Many regions that were historically production centres in a given sector are losing out to lower-cost locations and reorienting to higher value-added niches. National programmes to promote cluster-based approaches -- linking firms, people and knowledge at a regional level -- are being used to meet the challenge. This report analyses the objectives, targeting, instruments and inter-governmental role sharing used by 26 programmes in 14 OECD countries. It will be of interest to policy makers, researchers, firms and others active in promoting innovation and competitiveness.

 

Building Competitive Regions: Strategies and Governance | OECD Free preview | Powered by Keepeek Digital Asset Management Solution

Building Competitive Regions (2005)

In recent years, the main focus of territorial policy has been on sustaining growth, not only to address relative decline, but also to make regions more competitive. Putting this in practice is complicated because different regions have different characteristics (urban, intermediate, industrial, rural, etc.), which imply specific policy and investment needs. This report assesses the strategies pursued by OECD member governments to address the competitiveness of regional economies and the accompanying governance mechanisms on which the implementation of these strategies rests. The report is principally based on findings from the series of reviews undertaken by the OECD Territorial Development Policy Committee at national and regional levels.

 

Regional Reviews of Innovation Series

 

OECD Reviews of Regional Innovation

These reviews of regional innovation examine issues connected to innovation at the regional level as well as reviews of innovation policy for specific regions. The full list of OECD Reviews of Regional Innovation is available on OECD iLibrary.

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Statistics and Indicators

 Hows Life in Your Region?

How's Life in Your Region: Measuring Regional and Local Well-being for Policy Making

How’s life? The answer can depend on what region you live in. Many factors that influence people’s well-being come into play on the local level, such as employment, access to health services, pollution and public safety. Policies that take into account the economic and social realities where people live and work can have a greater impact on improving well-being for the country as a whole. This report paints a comprehensive picture of well-being in the 362 OECD regions, by looking at some of the most important aspects that shape people’s lives: jobs, income, housing, education, health, access to services, environment, safety and civic engagement. The report finds that the disparities in material conditions and quality of life are often greater among regions within the same country than they are across different countries. While on average people are richer, they live longer and they enjoy a better air quality than fifteen years ago, the intra-country gaps between the best- and worst-performing regions in terms of many well-being dimensions have been widening in many OECD countries. The report provides a common framework for measuring well-being at the regional level and guidance for all levels of government in using well-being measures to better target policies at the specific needs of different communities. The report draws from a variety of practical experiences from OECD regions and cities.

An interactive web-based tool (www.oecdregionalwellbeing.org) allows to compare performance across regions in OECD countries and monitoring improvements over time.

Redefining Urban

Redefining "Urban": A New Way to Measure Metropolitan Areas (2012)

This report compares urbanisation trends in OECD countries on the basis of a newly defined OECD methodology which enables cross-country comparison of the socio-econimic and environmental performance of metropolitan areas in OECD countries. The methodology is presented and results from its application to 27 OECD countries are discussed together with policy implication both on national growth and governance of cities. The report also includes three original papers that present the urbanisation dynamics and prospects in China and South Africa and the governance challenges resulting from the new policy agenda on cities in the United Kingdom.

OECD Regions at a Glance Series

OECD Regions at a Glance: 2013 Edition

Regions at a Glance 2013 shows how regions and cities contribute to national growth and the well-being of societies. It updates its regular set of region-by-region indicators, examining a wide range of policies and trends and identifying those regions that are outperforming or lagging behind in their country. The report covers all 34 OECD member countries, and, where data are available, Brazil, China,Colombia, India, the Russian Federation and South Africa. The full series of OECD Regions at a Glance is available on OECD iLibrary.

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Multi-level Governance and Public Finance

Cover: sub-national perspective Part II

A Sub-national Perspective on Financing Investment for Growth II - Creating Fiscal Space for Public Investment

This paper explores the institutional ability of SNGs to influence their fiscal space for public investment. In this context, it also analyses the main challenges to be faced by SNG finances in the decades to come, as well as recent reforms implemented by SNGs to tackle these specific issues.

Sub national perspective cover working paper cover

A Sub-national Perspective on Financing Investment for Growth I: Measuring Fiscal Space for Public Investment

This article analyses the different factors affecting sub-national governments’ fiscal space for public investment. It proposes an indicator for measuring this fiscal space and analyses the evolution of its different components over 2007-2012.

Investing Together

Investing Together: Working Effectively Across Levels of Government (2013)

This report dissects the relationships different government actors form vertically, across levels of government, and also horizontally, across both sectors and jurisdictions. Sub-national actors also need to be equipped with the right skills and resources to carry out their responsibilities and to engage with stakeholders, across the public, private and civil society sectors. This report offers a toolkit to policy makers to assess their needs for capacity development.

Cover: Sub-national data in OECD Countries 2013

Subnational Governments in OECD Countries: Key Data

This report provides compelling facts that highlight why strong subnational governance capacity and tools to co-ordinate within and across levels of government can improve the efficiency and effectiveness of public spending

Reforming Fiscal Federalism and Local Government

Reforming Fiscal Federalism and Local Government: Beyond the Zero-Sum Game (2012)

 This book describes and examines reforms of fiscal federalism and local government in ten OECD countries implemented over the past decade. The country chapters identify common patterns and factors that are conducive to reforms of the intergovernmental fiscal framework, using a common methodological approach. The summary chapter highlights the cross-cutting issues emerging from the country chapters and shows the key factors in the institutional, political, economic and fiscal areas that are supporting reform success. The report’s approach results in valuable insights for policy makers designing, adopting and implementing fiscal federalism and local government reforms.

Institutional and Financial Relations across Levels of Government | OECD Free preview | Powered by Keepeek Digital Asset Management Solution

Institutional and Financial Relations across Levels of Government (2011)

This report provides an overview of the institutional and financial relations across levels of government  that enables policymakers evaluate their position and identify good practices for mobilising sub-central governments for national growth, equity and stability objectives. This report is divided into two parts: the first part is analytical and the second part provides institutional and quantitative country information and comparisons.

 

Making the Most of Public Investment in a Tight Fiscal Environment

Making the Most of Public Investment in a Tight Fiscal Environment: Multi-level Governance Lessons from the Crisis (2011)

This report provides an overview of challenges met in the implementation of investment recovery strategies across levels of government and highlights good practices and lessons learned, focusing on eight country cases: Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Korea, Spain, Sweden and the United States.

 

Governing Regional Development Policy

Governing Regional Development Policy: The Use of Performance Indicators (2009)

This report examines both the challenges and the opportunities associated with designing and using indicator systems as a tool for the governance of regional development policy. It draws on the experiences of a number of OECD countries and provides an in-depth look at the cases of Italy, the United Kingdom (England), the United States and the European Union. It builds on previous OECD work on the governance of regional development policy by extending lessons about contractual relations among levels of government to performance indicator systems.

Linking Regions and Central Governments: Contracts for Regional Development (2007)

This book offers a unique analytic framework for assessing multi-level governance arrangements, which is subsequently applied to five case studies of regional development policy: Canada, France, Germany, Italy, and Spain. The book reveals the importance of contractual arrangements for customised management of interdependencies, for clarifying responsibilities among actors, for dialogue, and for learning. 

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Water Governance

 Water Governance in the Netherlands

Water Governance in the Netherlands: Fit for the Future?

‌‌This report assesses the extent to which Dutch water governance is fit for future challenges, and outlines an agenda for the reform of water policies in the Netherlands. It builds on a year-long policy dialogue with over 100 Dutch stakeholders, supported by robust analytical work and drawing on international best practice.

 ‌Making Water Reform Happen in Mexico

Making Water Reform Happen in Mexico (2013)

In Mexico, the population is forecast to reach almost 150 million by 2050. Increasing levels of inequality along with the issues caused by climate change are expected to hit hard and exacerbate today's challenges. An additional 36 to 40 million Mexicans will require a water supply and sanitation systems by 2030. For all these reasons, water policy is becoming a national security issue.

Water Governance in Latin America and the Caribbean | OECD Free preview | Powered by Keepeek Digital Asset Management Solution

Water Governance in Latin America and the Caribbean (2012)

This report addresses multilevel governance challenges in water policy in the Latin American and the Caribbean (LAC) and identifies good practices for co-ordinating water across ministries, between levels of government, and across local and regional actors. 

Water Governance in OECD Countries | OECD Free preview | Powered by Keepeek Digital Asset Management Solution

Water Governance in OECD Countries: A Multi-level approach (2011)

This report addresses multilevel governance challenges in water policy implementation and identifies good practices for coordinating water policy across ministries, between levels of government, and across local actors at subnational level. Based on a methodological framework, it assesses the main “coordination gaps” in terms of policy making, financing, information, accountability, objectives and capacity building, and provides a platform of existing governance mechanisms to bridge them. Based on an extensive survey on water governance the report provides a comprehensive institutional mapping of roles and responsibilities in water policy-making at national/subnational level in 17 OECD countries. 

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Territorial Reviews

OECD Territorial Reviews: Netherlands 2014

Acronyms and abbreviations

Responding to a need to study and spread innovative territorial development strategies and governance in a more systematic way, in 1999 the OECD created the Territorial Development Policy Committee (TDPC) as a unique forum for international exchange and debate. The TDPC has developed a number of activities, including a series of national and sub-national Territorial Reviews. This series offers analysis and policy guidance to national and sub-national governments seeking to strengthen territorial development policies and governance. These reviews are part of a larger body of OECD work on regional development that addresses the territorial dimension of a range of policy challenges, including governance, innovation, urban development and rural policy. This work includes both thematic reports and reports on specific countries or regions. These studies follow a standard methodology and a common conceptual framework, allowing countries and regions to share their experiences and disseminate information on good practices. The TDPC forms part of the Public Governance and Territorial Development Directorate network. The full list of Territorial Reviews is available on OECD iLibrary.

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Urban development

Thematic reports

COVER: Aix-Marseille ENG‌‌

Towards more inclusive growth in the metropolitan area of Aix-Marseille: International insights

This report was prepared in the context of the Ministerial Meeting of the OECD Territorial Development Policy Committee held in Marseille on 5-6 December 2013.

Cover: Urban Green Growth in Dynamic Asia

Urban Green Growth in Dynamic Asia: A Conceptual Framework

This concept paper proposes an analytical framework for assessing policies for green growth in fast-growing cities in the emerging world, notably in Asia.

 Green Growth in Cities

Green Growth in Cities (2013)

This report synthesises the findings from six case studies of urban green growth policies. It offers a definition of urban green growth and a framework for analysing how it might play out in different types of cities. It demonstrates the importance of urban policies for achieving national environmental policy goals and discusses the increased efficiency of policy intervention at the urban level. It identifies urban activities to reduce environmental impact that are most likely to contribute to the policy priorities of job creation, urban attractiveness, metro-regional supply of green products and services, and increased urban land values. It also provides guidance on addressing potential financing and governance challenges that may arise in pursuing urban green growth. Finally, the report offers a preliminary proposal for how green growth in cities could be measured.

 Compact City Policies Compact City Policies: A Comparative Assessment (2012)

This book examines the concept of the compact city and the implication of the current urban context for compact city policies. It explores their potential outcomes, particularly in terms of how it can contribute to Green Growth and looks at developing indicators to monitor compact city and track policy performance. It reviews compact city policies currently being implemented across the OECD in relation to the pursuit of Green Growth objectives and provides ideas to achieve better outcomes. And it assesses the key governance challenges faced by decision-makers as they seek to implement practical compact city strategies.

 Cities and Climate Change

Cities and Climate Change (2010)

This book shows how city and metropolitan regional governments, working in tandem with national governments, can change the way we think about responding to climate change. The chapters analyse: trends in urbanisation, economic growth, energy use and climate change; the economic benefits of climate action; the role of urban policies in reducing energy demand, improving resilience to climate change and complementing global climate policies; frameworks for multilevel governance of climate change including engagement with relevant stakeholders; and the contribution of cities to "green growth", including the "greening" of fiscal policies, innovation and jobs. The book also explores policy tools and best practices from both OECD and some non-member countries.

 

Urban Policy Reviews Series

 Thumbnail for Urban Policy Review, Chile

The series on National Urban Policy Reviews responds to a demand from member countries voiced at meetings of the Territorial Development Policy Committee and aims to analyse the role of urban areas in regional development and national performance. National reviews are a leading feature of OECD's mandate and examine macroeconomic, educational, industrial, tax, environmental and regional devleopment policies. The OECD National Urban Policy Reviews seek to provide a comparative synthesis of urban policies in OECF countries focusing on the role of central governments. The full list of National Urban Policy Reviews is available on OECD iLibrary.

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Rural development

Innovation and Modernising the Rural Economy

Innovation and Modernising the Rural Economy

This publication is a result of the discussions from the OECD 8th Rural Development Policy Conference: "Innovation and modernising the rural economy" which took place in Krasnoyarsk, Russia on 3-5 October 2012. It provides an overview of the two themes of modernisation and innovation, focusing on identifying the attributes of the modern rural economy and showing how it differs from the traditional rural economy and from metropolitan economies. It also shows how rural innovation is a key driver of rural economic growth using patents as a measure.

 

The second part of the book consists of four chapters that offer evidence of rural regions’ potential to contribute to national economic growth. In addition, each provides useful context for Part I by outlining four different perspectives on the process of modernisation and innovation, and specifically, how they can take place in the rural territories of OECD countries. In each paper, the authors explore the opportunities and impediments to these twin processes and how government policy can help or hinder them.

 

Rural-Urban Partnerships

Rural-Urban Partnerships: An Intregrated Approach to Economic Development (2013)

This report provides a framework to understand the changing relationships between urban and rural areas. Specifically, it documents the characteristics of these partnerships and the factors that can hinder as well as enable rural-urban co-operation.

 

 Linking Renewable Energy to Rural Development

Linking Renewable Energy to Rural Development (2012)

In many OECD countries, governments have invested large amounts of public money to support renewable energy (RE) development and are requiring significant quantities of it to be sold by energy providers. Drawing on case studies in 16 regions within 10 countries, the research finds that while RE indeed represents an opportunity for stimulating economic growth in rural communities, its development benefits are not automatic. Realising them requires a complex and flexible policy framework and a long-term strategy, as well as a realistic appreciation of the potential gains from RE deployment.  

Strategies to Improve Rural Service Delivery

Strategies to Improve Rural Service Delivery

This book provides an overview of the underlying problems in delivering services to rural regions.  It contains a conceptual structure for thinking about rural service delivery problems and a strategy for thinking about the role of government in service delivery, as well as a discussion of the role that innovation and public management tools like co-design and co-delivery can play in designing better service delivery approaches.  Also included are examples of different, successful policy strategies drawn from OECD countries.

 The New Rural Paradigm

The New Rural Paradigm: Policies and Governance (2006)

OECD governments are showing increasing interest in a more place-based approach to rural policy that emphasises investments rather than subsidies and that is able to integrate different sectoral policies and improve the coherence and effectiveness of public expenditure in rural areas.

OECD Rural Policy Reviews Series

  As a subsidiary body of the TDPC, the Working Party Regional Development Policy in Rural Areas  provides government with a forum for discussing regional and rural development. In early 2006, under TDPC's guidance, the Public Governance and Territorial Development Directorate launched a series of national Rural Policy Reviews to deepen international knowledge in this field. The full list of OECD Rural Policy Reviews is available on the OECD iLibrary.

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Forthcoming publications

 

  • The Competitiveness of Global Port Cities (Forthcoming 2014)
  • OECD Territorial Reviews: Colombia (Forthcoming 2014)
  • Compact City Policies: Korea (2014)
  • Rural Policy Reviews: Chile (Forthcoming 2014)
  • Housing and Urban Policy Review: Mexico (Forthcoming 2015)
  • Urban Trends and Governance (Forthcoming 2014)
  • Governing the Metropolitan City of Venice, Italy (2015)
  • OECD Territorial Reviews: Bergamo (Forthcoming 2015)
  • Stakeholder Engagement for Effective Water Governance (Forthcoming 2015)
  • Water Governance in Brazil (Forthcoming 2015)
  • Water Governance for Future Cities (Forthcoming 2015)
  • Green Growth in Fast-growing Asian Cities: Learning from Diverse Contexts (Forthcoming 2015)
  • OECD Territorial Reviews: Krasnoyarsk (Forthcoming 2015)
  • Multilevel Governance and Rural Development in Six Italian Rural Provinces (Forthcoming 2015)
  • OECD Territorial Reviews: Kazakhstan (Forthcoming 2015)
  • Compact City policies: France (Forthcoming 2015)
  • National Urban Policy Reviews: China (Forthcoming 2015)
  • Subnational governments in OECD countries: key data - 2014 edition (Forthcoming 2015)
  • Recent developments in sub-national finance and territorial reforms in the OECD (Forthcoming 2015)
  • Urban green growth in dynamic Asia: Synthesis Report (forthcoming 2015)
  • Effective Public Investment Across Levels of Govt: Toolkit of Implementation (forthcoming 2015) 

 


www.oecd.org/gov/regional

 

Related Documents

 

Regional Development

 

Countries list

  • Afghanistan
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  • Guyana
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