Regional development


  • Subnational Governments in OECD Countries: Key Data 2016

    This statistical brochure provides key data on subnational governments structure and finance in the 34 OECD member countries: number of subnational governments by level and municipal size, expenditure, including by economic function, investment, revenue, tax revenue, budget balance and debt.

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  • National Urban Policies and Habitat III

    The OECD has been called upon to co-lead, together with UN-Habitat, Policy Unit 3 on “National Urban Policies” in the preparatory process of the third United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development, Habitat III.

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  • Effective Public Investment Toolkit

    The "Toolkit" is an on-line resource providing implementation guidance for the OECD Recommendation on Effective Public Investment Across Levels of Government. It supports both implementation and peer learning, with indicators and good practices from countries, regions, and municipalities.

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‌‌Countries need competitive dynamic regions to achieve their economic, social and environmental objectives. Regional development policies complement national macroeconomic and structural policies. OECD work on the themes below contributes to the overall goal of reducing regional disparities and helping lagging regions to catch up.


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Statistics and indicators

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Regional innovation

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Water Governance

The OECD has developed statistical databases to answer the increasing demand for statistical information at the regional level. Innovation is an increasing source of growth in the OECD and  regions play a key role in untapping this potential for national growth.  Managing water is not only a question of resources, availability and money, but equally a matter of good governance.

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Multi-level governance and public finance

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Urban development


Rural development

Striking a balance between the interests, capacities and objectives of national and sub-national levels is essential for effective public policy. Cities are important generators of wealth, employment and productivity growth and play a leading role in national economies. Rural regions account for 75% of land and almost 25% of the population in OECD countries and require a wide range of economic policies for growth.