The northern sparsely populated areas (NSPA) of Finland, Norway and Sweden are becoming increasingly important to the geopolitical and economic interests of these countries and the European Union (EU).The report sets out policy recommendations at a cross-border, national and regional scale to enhance prosperity and well-being across the NSPA.
English, PDF, 353kb
Continued spatial segregation undermines labour-market performance and reinforces disparities in access to essential services and economic opportunity. As South Africa continues to urbanise, it needs policies that support a better location of affordable housing and improved transport provision.
English, PDF, 732kb
The OECD programme on local economic and employment development (LEED) has advised governments and communities since 1982 on how to respond to economic change and tackle complex problems in a fast-changing world. Its mission is to contribute to the creation of more and better quality jobs through more effective policy implementation, innovative practices, stronger capacities and integrated strategies at the local level.
English, PDF, 1,361kb
Many spells in self-employment end within the first few years of business. This can be by choice to earn income in-between jobs, or it can be due to systematic barriers that prevent businesses from becoming sustainable. This Policy Brief was prepared by the LEED (Local Economic and Employment Development) Programme of the OECD with the financial support of the European Commission, D-G for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion.
English, PDF, 387kb
India’s urban population has risen by more than 150 million since 1990 and is projected to grow by a further 500 million by 2050. The specific challenges challenges facing Indian policy makers will be related to managing urban spatial expansion, improving infrastructure, and access to services and transportation.
A series of short reports aimed at policy makers examine issues and policies instruments related to inclusive entrepreneurs policy. The key message of these briefs is that there is under-exploited potential among entrepreneurs from non-mainstream groups and that there are many examples of specially tailored policies that are successful in increasing participation that can serve as models for others.
English, PDF, 907kb
This policy brief includes discussion on the mission and main characteristics of social enterprises, and provides data on their prevalence. Policy recommendations and examples of social enterprises are provided to help policy makers build a conducive ecosystem for social enterprises to thrive.
Gathering evidence is an essential requirement for local development organisations to design sound economic development strategies, demonstrate delivery against objectives, and prepare a path for future policy action.
English, Excel, 200kb
In OECD countries, rural areas account for three-quarters of the land and are home to a quarter of the population. Rapid changes in the international economy clearly have a different effect on these regions than on cities and towns, offering different challenges but also different opportunities.Improved communications and the Internet make it possible for many people to work just as effectively from a cottage in a village as in a city