Located on the southern coast of China, Guangdong is the country’s most populous and rich province. It has 95.4 million inhabitants and provides one-eighth of the national GDP. A key development feature of Guangdong has been “processing trade”, which has allowed companies to profit from importing materials, assembling goods and exporting them via Hong Kong, China.
The recent economic crisis has had a strong impact on the province, although Guangdong also faces in-depth structural problems. Growing labour costs and strain on land availability have increasingly challenged the province’s traditional model of development, as have new competitors in China and abroad. Meanwhile, regional disparities within the province have increased, with a high concentration of economic activities and foreign direct investment in the Pearl River Delta area, an agglomeration of nine prefectures of 47.7 million inhabitants that represents 79.4% of the province’s total GDP.
This review assesses Guangdong’s current approach to economic development. The province is focusing on industrial policies primarily aimed at heavy manufacturing industries (e.g. automobile, shipbuilding, petrochemicals) and supported by investment in hard infrastructure transport projects and energy supply, along with the implementation of the “Double Relocation” policies intended to move lower value-added factories to lagging regions through incentive mechanisms like industrial parks.
The review discusses how some principles of the OECD regional paradigm could help Guangdong. It also addresses the huge environmental challenges that the province is facing and explores the opportunity for developing a green growth strategy. Strategies to improve Guangdong’s governance are analysed as well, with particular attention paid to co-ordination issues within the Pearl River Delta.
The Territorial Review of Guangdong is integrated into a series of thematic reviews on regions undertaken by the OECD Territorial Development Policy Committee. The overall aim of these case studies is to draw and disseminate horizontal policy recommendations for regional and national governments.
A one-day capacity building event was held at the Trento Centre on Monday, 8th of November, 2010. A delegation from the Korean Ministry of Employment and Labour and Korean provincial governments visited the Trento Centre to examine strategies for stimulating local employment
The fourth seminar of the 2010 LEED FIELD project focused on measuring local development policy delivery. This workshop reviewed the innovative tools and methods used, as part of local information systems, by local development organisations.Venue: Paris (France)
The Marche region is one of the most industrialised regions in Italy and is considered a region of excellence. This report provides advice on how to further strengthen and restructure the economy of the Marche region through the use of appropriate SME and entrepreneurship policies.
In the context of the economic recovery and public budget cuts, policy silos and fragmented short-term policy interventions have become luxuries that our economies can no longer afford. Government intervenes in a myriad of ways at the local level, and rarely are these interventions co-ordinated effectively. Most of us are familiar with policy “silos”. Such divisions are often taken for granted, blamed on historical working relationships (“it has always been like that”) and organisational cultures (“they don’t work like we do”). However these divisions come at a cost. The issues and challenges facing local communities are often complex, and require a holistic approach to be resolved. This book provides concrete advice to policy makers at both national and local levels on how to better align policies, reduce duplication and waste, and “do more with less”. It is based on comparative analysis of 11 countries in Australisia, Europe and North America and combines rankings on where countries stand in terms of the integration of employment, skills and economic development policies, with concrete examples of successful policy integration on the ground.
En materia de desarrollo local y empleo, la OCDE se acerca a América Latina a través de su Programa LEED y de la CAF.
Andalusia has experienced remarkable growth over the last decades, only halted by the recent economic crisis. The challenge today is to renew as the "prodigious decade" of Andalusia development, which will require endogenous development through entrepreneurship and SME growth.
The report will help countries to better understand regional policies and to formulate and diffuse horizontal policy recommendations. The analysis suggests an important role for regional policies in shaping sustainable endogenous development.
A one day seminar was held as part of the ongoing Fulfilling Promise project examining ways to improve the employment outcomes of young people from ethnic minority and immigrant backgrounds.
London 2012 is set to be one the most ambitious Olympic Games ever to have taken place. This publication highlights how London has set itself a unique challenge: to deliver a successful Olympic Games and to regenerate its most socio-economically challenged area of the city.