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Regional, rural and urban development

OECD Regional Outlook 2019

Leveraging Megatrends for Cities and Rural Areas

Published on March 19, 2019

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Large and persistent inequalities in regional economic performance within countries exist throughout the OECD. The 2019 Regional Outlook discusses the underlying causes of economic disparities across regions and highlights the need for place-based policies to address them. The report makes the case that place-based policies are especially important in light of growing public discontent with the economic, social and political status quo in many regions. The geographical patterns of public discontent are closely related to the degree of regional inequalities and policies to address public discontent need to have a place-based dimension. Place-based policies will become even more important in the future due to several technological, demographic and environmental megatrends. This Regional Outlook emphasises that all regions will be affected by these megatrends, but their effects will vary from region to region, even within the same country. Appropriate policy responses need to take this diversity into account and should be tailored to the region-specific impacts of global megatrends. Insofar as possible, this Regional Outlook presents steps that policy makers can take today to make the next generation of regional policies fit for the future.

SUMMARIESavailable in 5 languages

English OECD Regional Outlook 2019 (Summary in English)
French Perspectives régionales de l'OCDE 2019
Spanish Perspectivas regionales de la OCDE 2019
Japanese OECD地域アウトルック 2019年版
Italian Prospettive regionali dell’OCSE 2019

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Foreword
Readers Guide
Acronyms and abbreviations
Executive summary
Regional policies to address global megatrends5 chapters available
Rethinking regional development policies
Adapting regional development policy to future megatrends
Regional policy is facing disruptive technologies
Preparing regions for demographic and environmental transformations
Innovative multi-level governance to address future challenges
Policy forum4 chapters available
Addressing global megatrends through EU Cohesion Policy
Winner-take-all cities
“It’s too late for pessimism”
The triumph of urbanity and spatial justice
Country Profiles37 chapters available
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Canada
Chile
Colombia
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Japan
Korea
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Mexico
New Zealand
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Netherlands
Turkey
United Kingdom
United States
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