Regions and cities are where the effects of policies to promote economic growth and
social inclusion are felt in day-to-day life. The OECD Regional Outlook 2016 examines
the widening productivity gap across regions within countries, and the implications
of these trends for the well-being of people living in different places. It discusses
how structural policies, public investment and multi-level governance reforms can
help boost productivity and address inclusion. Drawing on a survey of OECD countries,
the Outlook highlights country practices in regional, urban, and rural development
policy that guide public investment. The Special Focus Part II on rural areas looks
at different types of rural area and their productivity performance trends, and suggests
that countries move towards a “Rural Policy 3.0”. The Policy Forum on Regions and
Cities: Implementing Global Agendas includes chapters by many leading global organisations
on how regions and cities can be instrumental in achieving the targets of agreements
such as the Paris Accord and the Sustainable Development Goals. Individual country
profiles provide an overview of regional, urban and rural development policies as
well as performance in terms of productivity and well-being among different regions.
Published on October 11, 2016Also available in: French
The UN Habitat III conference (Quito, Ecuador - October 2016) will help the world re-think urbanisation processes and the policies that shape and react to them. Part 3 of this publication adds to these global discussions by highlighting the fundamental role of regions and cities, as well as the way national policies influence them, as spaces and actors that contribute to all of these agendas.
Cities, regions and place-based national policies also have an important role to play in meeting the ambitious targets of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Greater involvement of regions and cities gives greater voice to their residents in this global agenda. Localising targets and their measurement will raise awareness, generate locally adapted solutions, and ensure that no region or city is left behind.