Regional, rural and urban development

Multi-level Governance, Public Investment and Subnational Finance


At the OECD, we help governments design adaptive multi-level governance systems and innovative finance tools, to foster partnerships and ensure more effective investment outcomes, including to meet climate objectives in regions and cities.













We collect and analyse data on subnational government structure and finance to support evidence-based policy-making.


We carry out a wide range of studies - from multi-level governance and decentralisation, to subnational public finance and climate-related investment in regions and cities.


We cover OECD Member countries and beyond, at the national and subnational levels.

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Enhancing subnational climate and environment-related public finance

Access the subnational climate finace page

Report: Financing climate objectives in cities and regions to deliver sustainable and inclusive growth

Upcoming project: Tracking and enhancing subnational climate-related finance for climate action


Making Decentralisation Work: A Handbook for Policy-Makers

The report identifies 10 guidelines for more effective decentralisation to support regional and local development. The report proposes concrete tools for policy-makers, including detailed sets of recommendations, checklists, pitfalls to avoid and examples of good practices, both in unitary and federal countries.

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OECD-UCLG World Observatory on Subnational Government Finance and Investment Initiative

Covering over 120 countries, the SNG-WOFI initiative is the world’s leading source of internationally comparable data and analysis on subnational government structure and finance.

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Implementing the OECD Recommendation on Effective Public Investment across Levels of Government

12 Principles to promote more effective public investment and a Toolkit with insight on good practices in OECD countries and beyond.

Access out the Toolkit

Access the implementation brochure

Access the Recommendation



Financing Climate Objectives in Cities and Regions to Deliver Sustainable and Inclusive Growth


Making Decentralisation Work: A Handbook for Policy-Makers


Rethinking Regional Development Policy-Making


Multi-Level Governance Reforms

Maintaining the Momentum of Decentralisation in Ukraine Subnational
in OECD Countries:
Key Data (2018)
Asymmetric Decentralisation:
Policy Implications in

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3 December, 2019                Kiev, Ukraine

Workshop on Supporting Decentralisation in Ukraine: Ten Guidelines for Effective Decentralisation

5 December, 2019                Poltava, Ukraine

Workshop on Enhancing Local Invesment Strategies in Poltava: OECD Principles for Action for Effective Public Investment across Levels of Government


27 November, 2019             Cardiff, United Kingdom 
Seminar "Enhancing Institutional Capacity for Regional Governance and Investment in Wales"

19-22 November, 2019        Paris, France
Regional Development Policy Committee (RDPC) Meeting 

29-30 October, 2019           Paris, France
Session on “Financing Sustainable Cities” at the 6th OECD Forum on Green Finance and Investment

18 October, 2019                Paris, France
OECD-European Commission High-level Seminar  
Financing Environmental and Energy Transitions in Regions and Cities: Creating Local Solutions for Global Challenges 

26 September 2019            Sofia Bulgaria
International workshop
Decentralisation and Regionalisation in Bulgaria: Lessons from International Experience and Recommendations for Bulgaria 

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