LEED Programme (Local Economic and Employment Development)

Employment and Skills Strategies in Southeast Asia (ESSSA) - Outcomes


Reports / Surveys / Events



Skills Development Pathways in Asia cover HD

August 2012

Skills Development Pathways in Asia

Skills and educational development for inclusive and sustainable growth are becoming significant drivers in OECD countries. Asian countries are not lagging behind on the challenge; on the contrary, they are taking diverse pathways in skills training and education to achieve the end.

This report focuses on current efforts in 15 countries in the Asian region: Australia, Cambodia, China, Hong Kong, China, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Viet Nam. Together, these countries represent one of the most dynamic regions in the world, with steady growth, even during the recent financial crisis. 

Download the entire report.

April 2011

Job-rich Growth in Asia: Strategies for local employment, skills development and social protection

Jobs-rich Growth in Asia discusses some of the most pressing issues that countries in Southeast Asia are facing in regard to boosting local employment and skills development while advancing social protection strategies in emerging, fast-growing labour markets. A joint OECD/ILO initiative, this book analyses local approaches in Asia to modernise labour markets and skills strategies and shows how local recovery is taking place through a combination of policy measures on employment creation, skills development and social protection. Read more

November 2009

ESSSA first report: Setting the scene

This report identifies and discusses employment and skills strategies in Southeast Asia. The aim of the exercise is to identify a number of characteristics and trends of employment and skills development in the region which can be explored and addressed further by the ESSSA initiative.

The report is divided into five sections. Section two, following the introduction, discusses the economic and labour market context. Section three discusses key issues for employment and skills development. Section four discusses policy responses and initiatives; and section five briefly suggests key issues of employment and skills development in Southeast Asia for further discussion and analysis.

Download the executive summary.

Download the entire report.

The report is the first of the OECD LEED Working Papers series (OECD iLibrary).




A survey on green growth in Southeast Asia (ongoing)

A new survey is investigating the current situation about green growth strategies, green economic policies and green skills in Southeast Asia.


A survey of employment and skills policies in ASEAN countries

A questionnaire on employment and skills development in Southeast Asia was addressed to the Ministries of Labour of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) in June 2008. The aim was to help the OECD LEED Programme to learn from the experience of ASEAN countries in employment and skills development and to determine the content of future collaboration.

Ten countries (see below) participated in the survey which investigates the following issues:

1. Key priorities for labour market policy
2. The public employment service
3. Training and employability development
4. Integration into the labour market
5. Partnerships and local governance
6. Learning from international experience





Department of Labour

Commissioner of Labour Planning and International Affairs Section


Ministry of Labour and Vocational Training

International Cooperation Department


Ministry of Manpower and Transmigration

Centre for Administration of International Cooperation


Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare

Skills Development Division

Department of Skills Development and Employment


Ministry of Human Resources

International Division


Ministry of Labour

Department of Labour


Department of Labor and Employment

Department of Labour


Ministry of Manpower

Workplace Policy and Strategy Division


Ministry of Labour

Department of Employment


Ministry of Labour

Department of Skill Development


Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs

International Cooperation Department

Download the entire report.

Have your say on the ESSSA interactive web space: https://community.oecd.org/community/esssa




Workshop: Does Asia need a unique model for skills development? (Manila, Philippines), 10 December 2012


Workshop: Skills strategies for inclusive development in India – Accelerating prosperity through policy coherence (New Delhi, India) 27 April 2012


National Round-Table: Skills upgrading to foster local economic diversification in Cambodia (Phnom Penh, Cambodia) 18 January 2012


Conference: Integrated approach to skills - Designing and financing effective strategies (Shanghai, PRC) 27-29 September 2011


Workshop: Skills development for stronger local economic development and better job opportunities abroad (Phnom Penh, Cambodia) 22 June 2011


Conference: Skills development in the post-crisis context (Tokyo, Japan) 28-30 September 2010


Routes out of the crisis: Strategies for local employment recovery and skills development in Asia (Malang/Java, Indonesia) 1-3 December 2009


Employment and Skills Strategies in South-East Asia: Indonesia and the Philippines (Jakarta, Indonesia) 3 December 2008

 Further documentation is availabe on the ESSSA interactive web space: https://community.oecd.org/community/esssa