This report aims to support the development of a sound economic regulatory system
for the water supply and sanitation (WSS) sector in the Republic of Moldova (hereafter
“Moldova”). The prevailing policy framework calls for drastic developments in WSS
to modernise and optimise WSS systems and improve operational efficiency (non-revenue
water, staff-output ratios etc.) – in line with domestic and international commitments
(including the Association Agreement with the European Union, the Sustainable Development
Goals, the Paris Agreement and the national WSS strategy). This report outlines ways
and means for strengthening the capacity of the Moldovan government to provide sound
regulation and that of WSS operators to deliver higher standards of service while
ensuring the affordability of WSS services. Such a transition cannot happen overnight.
It requires a sound economic regulatory system conducive to affordability, cost recovery
and debt servicing, and a realistic performance improvement path for water utilities.