Historically low productivity gains and record high inequality are major challenges
for policy makers around the world. Both concerns have been exacerbated by the global
financial crisis but took roots well before and reflect fundamental challenges with
the way our economies function.
This report proposes a new comprehensive approach to promote better productivity performance
and reduce inequalities. It not only gathers the most recent empirical evidence on
the main factors behind slowing productivity gains and rising or persisting inequalities
but also suggests possible common foundations and linkages between these two trends.
It stresses the risk of a vicious cycle setting in, where individuals with fewer skills
and poorer access to opportunities are confined to unproductive and often precarious
jobs. This reduces aggregate productivity and widens inequality. The report focuses
on how to expand the productive assets of an economy by investing in the skills of
its people and providing an environment where all firms have a fair chance to succeed,
including in lagging regions. It draws preliminary conclusions on the type of policy
packages that are needed and on their implications for policy making. It also sets
an agenda for future research to deepen empirical evidence and make concrete country-specific
|The Productivity Paradox
|Inequalities of income, wealth and well-being
|Getting to grips with the Productivity-Inclusiveness Nexus
|What does this mean for policy?