Current trends in energy supply and use are unsustainable – economically, environmentally
and socially. Without decisive action, energy-related greenhouse-gas (GHG) emissions
would lead to considerable climate degradation with an average 6°C global warming.
We can and must change the path we are now on; sustainable and low-carbon energy technologies
will play a crucial role in the energy revolution required to make this change happen.
Energy Efficiency, many types of renewable energy, carbon capture and storage (CCS),
nuclear power and new transport technologies will all require widespread deployment
if we are to achieve a global energy-related CO2 target in 2050 of 50% below current
levels and limit global temperature rise by 2050 to 2°C above pre-industrial levels.