Productivity and Jobs in a Globalised World

(How) Can All Regions Benefit?

Published on April 26, 2018

This report looks at how regional policies can support productivity growth and jobs. While there has been a remarkable decline in inequality in OECD countries, inequality among regions within certain countries has increased over the same time period. Regions that narrowed productivity gaps tended to benefit from economically vibrant tradable sectors and integration with well-functioning cities. This report considers in detail the role of the tradable sector as a driver of productivity growth and its relationship with employment. It addresses the possible risks of a growing tradable sector and how diversification is central to strengthening regional economic resilience. It considers how regions integrate global value chains and highlights the role of regional and policy links in fostering productivity growth and job creation. It asks what policies can help better anticipate or cushion shocks from trade in specific regions and, more generally, what strategies and framework conditions are conducive for regional productivity and employment growth.


Abbreviations and acronyms
Executive summary
The elusive quest for regional convergence?
Thinking global, developing local: Tradable sectors, cities and their role for catching up
Global trends and regional links: Jobs, clusters and global value chains
Macroeconomic frameworks and institutional factors for regional economic performance
Policy lessons: Productivity and growth in regions
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 26 April 2018 Brussels  10:00-12:45

The launch event for the OECD report Productivity and Jobs in a Globalised World: (How) Can All Regions Benefit? was hosted by the European Committee of the Regions and the European Commission’s Directorate‑General for Regional and Urban Policy. The official launch and press briefing took place in the morning, followed by an in‑depth presentation of the report in the afternoon. The World Bank discussed the report and presented findings from the World Bank report Rethinking Lagging Regions in the EU: evidence-based principles for future Cohesion Policy.


  Policy Highlights

Presentation by Joaquim Oliveira Martins

| Presentation by Thomas Farole


  • Thomas Wobben, Director for Political Works, European Committee of the Regions 
  • Joaquim Oliveira Martins, Special Advisor to the Director of the OECD Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities
  • Alexander C. Lembcke, Economist and Policy Analyst, OECD Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities
  • Thomas Farole, Lead Economist in the Social Protection and Jobs Global Practice, World Bank
  • Lewis Dijkstra, DG for Regional and Urban Policy, Head of the Economic Analysis sector, European Commission


For questions regarding the report, contact Alexander Lembcke (

For questions regarding the launch event, contact Katarina Prokopic (

Journalists should contact the OECD's Media Relations Division at (33) 1 45 24 97 00 or