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OECD Territorial Reviews: The Gauteng City-Region, South Africa 2011

In series:OECD Territorial Reviewsview more titles

Published on November 10, 2011

book

With 22% of the national population (11.2 million inhabitants), the Gauteng city-region is the largest and richest region in South Africa, contributing to one-third of national GDP. The area encompasses a series of connected cities, including Johannesburg and the national capital of Tshwane (formerly Pretoria), that function as a single, integrated region. Gauteng has been South Africa’s growth engine: for every additional 1% growth in population in the province, 1.6% is added to its contribution to national growth, implying higher productivity than in other parts of the country. Nevertheless, the city-region’s growth potential is constrained by deep socio-economic challenges, including high unemployment (26.9%) and low productivity growth. Its rapid demographic and economic development has also reinforced the spatial segregation instituted under apartheid.

Against the backdrop of South Africa’s achievements since the fall of apartheid, this Review evaluates measures to position economic development policy and to confront economic inequality in Gauteng. The issues of adequate housing as a catalyst of economic development and a vehicle for socioeconomic integration, transport mobility and public service delivery are examined in detail. The Review also assesses the economic growth potential of the manufacturing and green sectors, as well as governance issues, focussing on the potential of intergovernmental collaboration in advancing a cross-cutting regional approach for Gauteng.  

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Foreword
Acknowledgements
Acronyms and abbreviations
Basic statistics of the Gauteng city-region
Assessment and recommendations
A growing but polarised city-region
Addressing inequality and expanding economic opportunity
Reforming city-region governance in Gauteng
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FURTHER READING

For more information about urban policy at the OECD please visit www.oecd.org/regional/regional-policy/urbandevelopment.htm.