OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Australia 2019

In series:OECD Environmental Performance Reviewsview more titles

Published on January 30, 2019

Also available in: French

Australia has managed to decouple economic growth from the main environmental pressures and has made impressive progress in expanding protected areas. However, it is one of the most resource- and carbon-intensive OECD countries, and the state of its biodiversity is poor and worsening.  Advancing towards a greener economy will require strengthening climate-change policy and mainstreaming biodiversity more effectively across sectors.This is the third Environmental Performance Review of Australia. It evaluates progress towards sustainable development and green growth, and includes special features on threatened species protection and sustainable use of biodiversity and chemical management.


Reader's guide
Abbreviations and acronyms
Executive summary
Assessment and recommendations
Progress towards sustainable development3 chapters available
Environmental performance: Trends and recent developments
Environmental governance and management
Towards green growth
Progress towards selected environmental objectives2 chapters available
Threatened species protection and the sustainable use of biodiversity
Chemical management
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Press release

“Australia is home to a tenth of global species and is seen by many as synonymous with pristine coastal areas and an outback brimming with nature. However the country is increasingly exposed to rising sea levels, floods, heat waves, bushfires and drought,” said OECD Deputy Environment Director Anthony Cox, launching the Review in Canberra. “This makes it all the more important that Australia take a more proactive role in fighting climate change and addressing biodiversity loss.”

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Key Statistic


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Launch presentation


OECD Environmental Performance Review: Australia 2019 - Launch presentation from OECD Environment

Further reading


Australia's review process

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