Improving Safety for Motorcycle, Scooter and Moped Riders

In series:ITF Research Reportsview more titles

Published on October 12, 2015

Also available in: French


The global fleet of powered two-wheelers (PTWs) is constantly increasing. In many countries, motorcycles, scooters and mopeds play a significant role in mobility, particularly in many of the world’s large cities. As such, PTWs are becoming an important component of the transport system. However, they represent an important challenge for road safety. PTW riders are at far more risk than car drivers per kilometre ridden in terms of fatalities and severe injuries entailing long-term disability. Moreover, they have not benefited from safety improvements at the same pace as car occupants over recent decades. Addressing the issue of PTW safety is thus an essential contribution to the success of the United Nations’ Decade of Action for Road Safety, which aims at halving the expected number of road deaths worldwide by 2020.
This report reviews recent trends in powered two-wheeler crashes, the factors contributing to these crashes and their severity. It describes a set of countermeasures targeting user behaviours, the use of protective equipment, the vehicles and the infrastructure. Finally, it discusses motorcycle safety strategies in the context of a safe system.



Executive summary
Opportunities and challenges of powered two-wheelers
Powered two-wheeler fleet and usage
Powered two-wheeler crash characteristics
Factors contributing to powered two-wheeler crashes and their severity
Countermeasures addressing road user behaviour
Countermeasures promoting the use of personal protective equipment
Countermeasures targeting vehicles
Countermeasures targeting infrastructure and traffic management
Specific powered two-wheeler issues in low- and middle-income countries
Developing and implementing an integrated road safety strategy for powered two-wheelers
Conclusions and recommendations
Working group members
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