Fostering Productivity and Competitiveness in Agriculture

Published on November 25, 2011

Also available in: French

This report reviews economic concepts of innovation, research and development (R&D), productivity and competitiveness, and their linkages. It then discusses evidence on developments in productivity and competitiveness in the agricultural and food processing sectors and on the relationship between agricultural productivity and farm size, factor intensity, farm specialisation, human capital, consumer demand, the natural environment, investments in general infrastructures and R&D, regulations, and agricultural policies. It describes developments in public and private investments in agricultural R&D and outlines their positive impact on productivity growth. Finally, it suggests an “innovation systems” approach would help understand better how innovation translates into productivity growth.


Executive Summary
Context and issues
Understanding agricultural competitiveness and productivity
The evidence on agricultural productivity growth and competitiveness
Developments in public and private research and development efforts
Determinants of productivity growth and competitiveness
Towards an innovation systems approach
Summary of evidence on productivity and competitiveness in the agri-food sector
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