The Technology Roadmap: Carbon Capture and Storage in Industrial Applications
shows that carbon capture and storage (CCS) has the potential to reduce CO2 emissions
from industrial applications by 4 gigatonnes in 2050. Such an amount is equal to roughly
one-tenth of the total emission cuts needed to reduce emissions by 50% by the middle
of the century. The roadmap focuses on five main industrial applications: high-purity
CO2 sources, biomass conversion, cement, iron and steel and refineries. It sets out
a vision of CCS in industrial applications up to 2050, including milestones that need
to be achieved for technology, financing, policy and international collaboration.