Publications

Biosafety and the Environmental Uses of Micro-Organisms

Conference Proceedings

In series:Harmonisation of Regulatory Oversight in Biotechnologyview more titles

Published on January 22, 2015

book

Micro-organisms play a fundamental role in the environment. Yet their role is the result of complex biogeochemical processes by consortia of micro-organisms and the function of individual species is not clear in many cases.

This publication provides an overview of the current situation and relevant developments in environmental microbiology, as well as its potential application, which covers: use of micro-organisms for agriculture, production purposes, bioremediation, and cleaning purpose; environmental applications of microbial symbionts of insects; and environmental risk/safety assessment of the deliberate release of engineered micro-organisms.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Foreword Acknowledgements
Executive summary
Introduction
The use of micro-organisms in agriculture3 chapters available
Biofertilisers
Phytosanitation and the development of biocontrol agents
Lessons of the impact of genetically engineered micro-organisms on natural ecosystems like soil
The use of micro-algae for production purposes3 chapters available
The need and risks of using transgenic micro-algae for the production of food, feed, chemicals and fuels
The benefits and advantages of commercial algal biomass harvesting
Issues in the risk assessment of the use of microalgae for production purposes
The use of micro-organisms for bioremediation2 chapters available
Designing bacteria for the environment
The intentional release of micro-organisms into the environment
The use of micro-organisms in cleaning products2 chapters available
Microbial-based cleaning products in use and the potential role of transgenic micro-organisms
Microbes in cleaning products
Environmental applications of microbial symbionts of insects2 chapters available
Use and release of mosquitoes for the control of dengue transmission
Fighting malaria with engineered mosquito symbiotic bacteria
Environmental risk assessment of the deliberate release of engineered micro organisms4 chapters available
Next generation sequencing-based metagenomics for monitoring soil microbiota
Reflection on environmental risk assessment of micro-organisms
Risk assessment considerations of genetically modified micro-organisms for releases
Overarching issues in the environmental risk assessment of deliberate release of transgenic micro-organisms
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HIGHLIGHTS

This publication emphasises that:

 

BACKGOUND

This publication includes the proceedings of the OECD conference on the “Environmental Uses of Micro Organisms: An Overview of the State-of-the-Art and Implications for Biotechnology Risk/Safety Assessment”. It was organised under the auspices of OECD’s Working Group on the Harmonisation of Regulatory Oversight in Biotechnology (WG-HROB), in collaboration with the OECD Co-operative Research Programme under the Trade and Agriculture Directorate.

 

FIGURES

Some of the figures may be difficult to read as they are available in black and blue. The coloured ones are available via the following links:

  

Contacts

For further information, please contact Takahiko NIKAIDO, Bertrand DAGALLIER and Peter KEARNS at the OECD.