Publications


  • 13-February-2014

    English

    Greener Skills and Jobs

    Green skills, that is, skills needed in a low-carbon economy, will be required in all sectors and at all levels in the workforce as emerging economic activities create new (or renewed) occupations. Structural changes will realign sectors that are likely to decline as a result of the greening of the economy and workers will need to be retrained accordingly. The successful transition to a low-carbon economy will only be possible if workers can flexibly adapt and transfer from areas of decreasing employment to new industries. This report suggests that the role of skills and education and training policies should be an important component of the ecological transformation process.

  • 10-February-2014

    English

    Mental Health and Work: United Kingdom

    Tackling mental ill-health of the working-age population is becoming a key issue for labour market and social policies in OECD countries. OECD governments increasingly recognise that policy has a major role to play in keeping people with mental ill-health in employment or bringing those outside of the labour market back to it, and in preventing mental illness. This report on the United Kingdom is the sixth in a series of reports looking at how the broader education, health, social and labour market policy challenges identified in Sick on the Job? Myths and Realities about Mental Health and Work (OECD, 2012) are being tackled in a number of OECD countries.

  • 10-February-2014

    English

    Germany: Keeping the Edge - Competitiveness for Inclusive Growth

    This book provides an overview of the key challenges currently faced in Germany and OECD's main policy recommendations to address them. Drawing on the OECD’s expertise in comparing country experiences and identifying best practices, the book tailors the OECD’s policy advice to the specific and timely priorities of Germany, focusing on how its government can make reform happen.

  • 3-February-2014

    English

    Employment and Skills Strategies in Australia

    Employment and Skills Strategies in Australia focuses on the role of local employment and training agencies in contributing to job creation and productivity. It looks at the role of Local Employment Coordinators, introduced by the Department of Employment to work in 20 "priority employment areas" which were identified as needing extra assistance following the global financial crisis. This report is part of a comparative OECD review of local job creation policies, which explores how countries are putting measures in place at the local level to stimulate quality employment, social inclusion and growth.

  • 23-January-2014

    English

    Mental Health and Work: Switzerland

    Tackling mental ill-health of the working-age population is becoming a key issue for labour market and social policies in OECD countries. OECD governments increasingly recognise that policy has a major role to play in keeping people with mental ill-health in employment or bringing those outside of the labour market back to it, and in preventing mental illness. This report on Switzerland is the fifth in a series of reports looking at how the broader education, health, social and labour market policy challenges identified in Sick on the Job? Myths and Realities about Mental Health and Work (OECD, 2012) are being tackled in a number of OECD countries. It concludes that the Swiss system is well resourced to address the challenges in various policy fields; that due the involvemnet of a large number of stakeholders much needed policy coordination across different sectors is a difficult task; and that a stronger mental health focus is required in Switzerland's health, social and labour market policies.

  • 17-January-2014

    English

    Highlights of the International Transport Forum 2013 - Funding Transport: Session Summaries

    Demand for mobility around the globe is growing rapidly. Motorisation in emerging economies continues at breath-taking pace, with the number of motor vehicles on the world’s streets rising, according to some estimates, from just over 1 billion today to 2 billion in 2020. Air passenger travel could double, air freight could triple and container handling in ports could quadruple within the next 15 years or so, according to OECD projections.

    If we do not want to stifle trade and economic growth and the opportunities these bring for our citizens, we must invest in infrastructure - and we must do so now. Global investment needs to 2030 for key global transport infrastructure alone is estimated by OECD at USD 11 trillion. But policy makers face a difficult dilemma: Almost everywhere public budgets are squeezed as never before in the wake of the global financial and economic crisis. And they are likely to remain tight for quite some time.

    The International Transport Forum’s Summit brought together Ministers from ITF member countries and many business leaders in total 1 000 delegates from 79 nations to test ideas, to engage with experts, to align perceptions on the funding issue and explore ways to address it. This publication presents the essence of this substantive debate. An accompanying brochure, “Highlights in Pictures” is also available from www.internationaltransportforum.org/pub.

  • 17-January-2014

    German

    Höhepunkte des Weltverkehrsforum 2013 - Finanzierungskonzepte für das Verkehrswesen : Zusammenfassung der Diskussionen

    Auf der ganzen Welt steigt der Mobilitätsbedarf rasant. Die Motorisierung der Schwellenländer schreitet in einem atemberaubenden Tempo voran. Bis 2020 soll die Anzahl der Kraftfahrzeuge weltweit einigen Schätzungen zufolge von mehr als 1 Milliarde auf gut 2 Milliarden anwachsen. In den nächsten 15 Jahren könnte sich, OECD-Prognosen zufolge, der Personenluftverkehr verdoppeln, die Luftfracht verdreifachen und das Containerhandling in den Häfen vervierfachen.

    Wenn wir Handel und Wirtschaftswachstum mit den Chancen, die sie uns bieten, nicht abwürgen wollen, müssen wir in Infrastruktur investieren - und zwar heute noch. Die OECD schätzt, dass allein bis 2030 rund 11 Billionen US-Dollar allein in die Schlüsselinfrastruktur des Verkehrssektors investiert werden müssen.

    Das Gipfeltreffen 2013 des Weltverkehrsforums brachte Minister aus den Mitgliedsländern und zahlreiche Wirtschaftsführer zusammen. Insgesamt 1 000 Teilnehmer aus 79 Ländern testeten Ideen und diskutierten mit Experten, um gemeinsame Sichtweisen auf die Fianzierungsprobleme und Ansätze zu ihrer Bewältigung zu finden. Diese Publikation enthält die Zusammenfassung der fachlichen Diskussion. Begleitend erscheinen die „Highlights in Pictures“, erhältlich über www.internationaltransportforum.org/pub.

  • 10-January-2014

    English

    Regulatory Policy and Behavioural Economics

    Over the past five years, behavioural economics has been rapidly propelled from the margins of economic analysis towards the policy mainstream. In this context, this study offers an international review of the initial applications of behavioural economics to policy, with a particular focus on regulatory policy. It describes the extent to which behavioural findings have begun to influence public policy in a number of OECD countries, referring to a total of more than 60 instances, the majority of which concern regulatory policy.

  • 7-January-2014

    English

    Shielding Aspects of Accelerators, Targets and Irradiation Facilities - SATIF-11 - Workshop Proceedings, Tsukuba, Japan, 11-13 September 2012

    Particle accelerators have evolved over the last decades from simple devices to powerful machines and are having an increasingly important impact on research, technology and daily life. Today, they have a wide range of applications in many areas including material science and medical applications. In recent years, new technological and research applications have helped to define requirements while the number of accelerator facilities in operation, being commissioned, designed or planned has grown significantly. Their parameters, which include the beam energy, currents and intensities, and target composition, can vary widely, giving rise to new radiation shielding issues and challenges.

    Particle accelerators must be operated in safe ways to protect operators, the public and the environment. As the design and use of these facilities evolve, so must the analytical methods used in the safety analyses. These workshop proceedings review the state of the art in radiation shielding of accelerator facilities and irradiation targets. They also evaluate progress in the development of modelling methods used to assess the effectiveness of such shielding as part of safety analyses.

  • 7-January-2014

    English

    The Economics of the Back End of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle

    The feasibility and costs of spent nuclear fuel management and the consequent disposal of ultimate waste continue to be the subject of public debate in many countries, with particular concern often expressed over the lack of progress in implementing final disposal. Uncertainties about back-end costs and the financial risks associated with management of the back end have also been singled out as possible deterrents to investment in new nuclear power plants.

    This report offers an appraisal of economic issues and methodologies for the management of spent nuclear fuel and high-level waste from commercial power reactors. It includes a review of different backend options and current policies and practices, with a focus on the cost estimates for these options and the funding mechanisms in place or under consideration in OECD/NEA countries. A generic economic assessment of high-level estimates of back-end cost impacts on fuel cycle costs is undertaken for selected idealised scenarios, by means of a simple static model. Sensitivity analyses are conducted for the evaluation of uncertainties in major components and the identification of cost drivers. Since factors other than economics are an important part of the decision-making process, an analysis of the influence of key qualitative parameters in the selection of back-end strategies is also presented in this report.

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