Publications


  • 13-April-2017

    English

    Guidance on the Incorporation of Bioavailability Concepts for Assessing the Chemical Ecological Risk and/or Environmental Threshold Values of Metals and Inorganic Metal Compounds

    Several models, tools and methods have been published in the past 20 years to include bioavailability in risk assessment and several OECD member countries already have developed frameworks and published guidance documents for taking metal specificities into account in environmental risk assessment. The aim of the current guidance is not to replace the aforementioned frameworks or guidance documents, but rather, to provide an overarching framework on how to apply these tools depending on which data are actually available/needed to assess the bioavailability of the metal under scrutiny. Further harmonisation of these approaches and methodology, where appropriate, over the different OECD countries is recommended and could facilitate a more worldwide application and the Mutual Acceptance of Data since using common assessment approaches may help comparing and exchanging data sets, which could result in significant resource savings.

     

  • 13-April-2017

    English

    Guidance Document on the Reporting of Defined Approaches to be Used Within Integrated Approaches to Testing and Assessment

    With a view to assisting the evaluation of integrated approaches to testing and assessment (IATA) in regulatory decision-making within OECD Member Countries, this guidance document provides a set of principles for reporting defined approaches to testing and assessment that can be used as one of the components within IATA. Templates are also provided to enable a structured approach to their documentation in order to facilitate their evaluation. A defined approach to testing and assessment consists of a fixed data interpretation procedure (DIP) applied to data generated with a defined set of information sources to derive a result that can either be used on its own, or together with other information sources within an IATA, to satisfy a specific regulatory need. Thus, a defined approach to testing and assessment can be used to support the hazard identification, hazard characterisation and/or safety assessment of chemicals. This guidance is intended to be used alongside similar guidance aimed at harmonising the reporting of other IATA components such as QSARs, grouping and read-across strategies, and non-guideline in vitro methods.

  • 13-April-2017

    English

    Guidance on Selecting a Strategy for Assessing the Ecological risk of Organometallic and Organic Metal Salt Substances based on their Environmental Fate

    In this document a strategy is presented to facilitate the ecological risk assessment of organometallic compounds (OM) and organic metal salts (OMS), outlining key steps that are based on elucidation of the fate of these substances in the environment. This document puts forth the recommendation that the initial determination of their fate in the environment is a primary factor for deciding how these substances should be assessed recognising that regulatory and program requirements will vary with each jurisdiction.

  • 13-April-2017

    English

    Report of the Workshop on a Framework for the Development and Use Of Integrated Approaches to Testing and Assessment

    This document is a report of the Workshop on a framework for the development and use of integrated approaches to testing and assessment which was held on 17-19 November 2014 in Crystal City VA, USA. This framework should provide guiding principles, and technical guidance on how results from alternative approaches (in silico, in chemico, in vitro including high throughput and high content test methods) should be interpreted for characterising (both qualitatively and quantitatively) the adverse effects in animals and humans and/ or the environment, so that they can be used for hazard identification, hazard characterisation and risk assessment. The workshop was organised in close cooperation with the World Health Organisation following a proposal from OECD member countries in June 2013.

     

  • 13-April-2017

    English

    OECD Guidance for Characterising Hydrocarbon Solvents for Assessment Purposes

    This document presents a harmonized method for characterising, for assessment purposes, a specific subcategory of UVCBs (Substances of Unknown or Variable composition, Complex reaction products or Biological materials): hydrocarbon solvent substances. The method presented in this document gives guidance on how hydrocarbon solvent substances can be characterised in a way that their composition is accurately and consistently reflected. This ensures that substances with the same chemical composition, manufactured in different countries, can be characterised with the same description for hazard assessment purposes. A common understanding and approach to characterising UVCBs would enable regulatory authorities to increase cooperation in the field of hazard assessment and help industry deal with regulatory requirements from multiple jurisdictions.

  • 13-April-2017

    English

    Corporate governance for process safety - Guidance for senior leaders in high hazard industries

    The Guidance on Corporate Governance for Process Safety draws attention to those at the top of industry to the need for high standards of corporate governance in relation to the management of high hazard industries. The Guidance encourages every director, CEO and President of a major hazard company and to check themselves against a set of self-assessment questions and evaluate their awareness and knowledge in process safety.

  • 13-April-2017

    English

    Guidance Document on an Integrated Approach on Testing and Assessment (IATA) for Skin Corrosion and Irritation

    This Guidance Document proposes an integrated approach on testing and assessment (IATA) for skin corrosion and irritation. It also provides consistent information on key characteristics of each of the individual information sources of the IATA, and relevant guidance on how to integrate information for decision making (including decisions on the need for further testing) for final decisions for classification and labelling.

  • 13-April-2017

    English

    Guidance Document for Describing Non-Guideline In Vitro Test Methods

    The purpose of this guidance is to harmonise the way non-guideline in vitro methods are described and thereby facilitate an assessment of the relevance of test methods for biological activities and responses of interest, and an assessment of the quality of data produced, irrespective of whether these tests are based on manual protocols or assay protocols adapted for use on automated platforms or high-throughput screening systems (HTS). This guidance outlines the elements considered relevant for providing a comprehensive description of an in vitro method to facilitate the interpretation of results and support scientifically defensible fit-for-purpose applications.

     

     

  • 13-April-2017

    English

    OECD Guidance for Characterising Oleochemical Substances for Assessment Purposes

    This document presents a harmonized method for characterising, for assessment purposes, a specific subcategory of UVCBs (Substances of Unknown or Variable composition, Complex reaction products or Biological materials): oleochemical substances. Many oleochemicals are UVCBs, due to the variability in the composition of the starting materials. The method presented in this document gives guidance on how oleochemical substances can be characterised in a way that their composition is accurately and consistently reflected to ensure that substances with the same chemical composition, manufactured in different countries, can be characterised with the same description for hazard assessment purposes. A common understanding and approach to characterising UVCBs would enable regulatory authorities to increase cooperation in the field of hazard assessment and help industry deal with regulatory requirements from multiple jurisdictions.

     

  • 13-April-2017

    English

    Report on Considerations from Case Studies on Integrated Approaches for Testing and Assessment (IATA) - First Review Cycle (2015) - Case Studies on Grouping Methods as a Part of IATA

    OECD member countries have been making efforts to expand the use of alternative methods in assessing chemicals. The OECD has been developing guidance documents and tools for the use of alternative methods such as (Q)SAR, chemical categories and Adverse Outcome Pathways (AOPs) as a part of Integrated Approaches for Testing and Assessment (IATA). There is a need for the investigation of the practical applicability of these methods/tools for different aspects of regulatory decision-making, and to build upon case studies and assessment experience across jurisdictions. The objective of the IATA Case Studies Project is to increase experience with the use of IATA by developing case studies, which constitute examples of predictions that are fit for regulatory use. The aim is to create common understanding of using novel methodologies and the generation of considerations/guidance stemming from these case studies. This document reports the learnings and lessons obtained from the review experience of the four case studies submitted to the 2015 review cycle of the IATA Case Studies project. The topics discussed in this document include the strongest aspects and uncertainties of each case study, and the document identifies areas for developing further guidance on IATA.

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