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Having been hit hard by the global crisis, the Portuguese government has taken action to put its economy back on track, and to correct external and budgetary imbalances. This document highlights some key priorities to support economic growth and competitiveness through further productivity-enhancing structural reforms.
Having been hit hard by the global crisis, the Portuguese government has taken action to put its economy back on track, and to correct external and budgetary imbalances. Public finances have strengthened, and the current account deficit has closed on the back of gains in competitiveness and improvements in export performance. Portugal has also been able to reduce income inequality and relative poverty, a major accomplishment during a severe crisis with record levels of unemployment. As Portugal successfully exits the EU-IMF-ECB-supported programme and emerges from recession, it is more important than ever to build on these achievements.
At the request of the Portuguese authorities, the OECD has carried out an assessment of the impact of the reforms implemented to date on the economy’s longer-term growth outlook. The analysis is based on OECD indicators of the restrictiveness of Product Market Regulation (PMR) and the strictness of Employment Protection Legislation (EPL). It updates the OECD report Portugal: Reforming the State to Promote Growth, published in 2013.
According to the OECD’s Going for Growth exercise, Portugal is among the OECD countries with the best recent track record of responsiveness to structural reform recommendations. The reforms undertaken since 2009 to promote competition in product markets and enhance the dynamism of the labour market are expected to raise productivity and potential GDP by at least 3.5% by 2020.
While in Lisbon, the Secretary-General had meetings with Mr. Aníbal Cavaco Silva, President of Portugal, Mr. Pedro Passos Coelho, Prime Minister of Portugal and Mr. Carlos Costa, Governor of the Banco de Portugal, as well as several Ministers and high level officials of Portugal.
The average worker in Portugal faced a tax burden on labour income (tax wedge) of 41.1% in 2013 compared with the OECD average of 35.9%. Portugal was ranked 12 of the 34 OECD member countries in this respect.
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Old-age poverty decreased in Portugal in the final few years of the last decade by more than twice the OECD average. The effective age of labour market exit is high in Portugal in international comparison...
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