This database provides information on environmentally related taxes, fees and charges, tradable permit systems, deposit refund systems, environmentally motivated subsidies and voluntary approaches used in environmental policy in OECD member countries and a number of other countries. Developed in co-operation between the OECD and the European Environment Agency.
An ecosystem assessment is a social process through which the findings of science concerning the causes of ecosystem change, their consequences for human well-bring, and the management and policy options are evaluated. The main objective of the paper is to draw insights from experience in the UK, Japan, Spain and Portugal of the added value to policy making of undertaking national level ecosystem assessments.
This report sets out the challenge for freshwater in a changing climate and provides guidance on how to navigate this new “waterscape”. It highlights trends and practices drawn from the OECD Survey of Policies on Water and Climate Change Adaptation covering all 34 member countries and the EC. Each country profiles provide a snapshot of the challenges posed by climate change for freshwater and the emerging policy responses.
This report presents the OECD review of Portugal’s environmental policy performance for 2011. It finds that environmental policies have been consolidated and strengthened since the last review in 2001, but that meeting the post-Kyoto targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions will be challenging. With energy and climate policies being closely related, the report points out that with less than 50% of hydro capacity currently being exploited, there is potential for further development in that area. It also describes the challenges regarding coastal zone and marine management.
Topics covered in the report include greening growth, implementation of environmental policies , international co-operation , climate change, waste management and the 3Rs (reduce, reuse, recycle), and nature and biodiversity.
Further information about the Environmental Performance Review programme is available on line via www.oecd.org/env/countryreviews.
Apesar dos difíceis desafios económicos e políticos que está a enfrentar, Portugal está a desenvolver esforços no sentido de manter o seu compromisso com a melhoria das condições ambientais.
Despite Portugal’s economic and political challenges, it is still committed to improving the environment. The government sees green investment in its stimulus package and green tax reform as part of the solution to the national budget deficit.