English, PDF, 322kb
Female labour participation has grown enormously in the Netherlands, but gender gaps in labour market outcomes persist. The gender pay gap for full-time workers is 14%, close to the OECD average, and the gender gap in working hours is large, as most women work part-time.
English, PDF, 320kb
Better access to education and affordable housing would help strengthen the skills of the workforce, increase labour mobility and reduce skills matches.
English, PDF, 347kb
13.5% of those aged 15-29 are not in employment, education or training (NEET) in Belgium. This is a structural phenomenon with young people without upper secondary education especially at risk: they are six times as likely to be NEET in their late twenties than their university-educated peers.
English, PDF, 343kb
Facilitating female employment is particularly important given Japan’s shrinking and ageing population, which has already contributed to labour shortages.
English, PDF, 564kb
The national unemployment rate in Sweden has fallen to less than 7%, but this aggregate number hides important regional disparities which are partly due to inadequate or mismatched skills. To reduce these imbalances, Sweden needs to enhance the engagement of employers at the local level, strengthen regional skills planning, and inject more flexibility in the management of employment and skills policies.
English, PDF, 345kb
22% of Mexican youth were not in employment, education or training (NEET) in 2015, the fifth highest rate in the OECD.
English, PDF, 369kb
Sustained growth and job creation have helped increase Indonesian living standards significantly, but the quality of available jobs remains low, which is a major drag on well-being. In particular, a high incidence of informal jobs in Indonesia means that a large number of workers face the risk of persistent poverty.
English, PDF, 346kb
The dynamism of Turkey’s business sector played a vital role in the country’s economic growth in the 2000s. However, because of competition-unfriendly product market regulations markets have not reaped the full benefits of this dynamism. Turkish authorities can help unlock growth potential by reviewing regulations and identifying where malfunctions are occurring.
English, PDF, 377kb
All OECD countries, except the United States, provide nationwide paid maternity leave. Over half also offer paternity leave to fathers right after childbirth. By enabling fathers to take on a greater share of the childcare burden, parental leave can support women’s careers.
English, PDF, 878kb
OECD countries are seeing a trend away from traditional employment towards part-time and temporary work and self-employment. However, there are concerns that part-time and temporary work are contributing to inequality and poverty. Policy needs to focus on ensuring that these "non-traditional" jobs are stepping stones to better jobs, not dead ends.