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This country note from Going for Growth 2015 for Poland identifies and assesses progress made on key reforms to boost long-term growth, improve competitiveness and productivity and create jobs.
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Poland has narrowed the gap in life expectancy with other EU countries over the past two decades, thanks mainly to reductions in mortality in cardiovascular diseases; still further progress in life expectancy could be achieved by further reductions in risk factors and mortality from cardiovascular diseases and cancer.
The inflow of permanent immigrants to Poland reached 14 600 persons in 2012, slightly lower than in the previous year (15 500 persons).
Country notes outlining regional variations in health, jobs, safety, environment, access to services, civic engagement, housing, education, income, and employment. These notes are from the OECD publication "How's Life in Your Region?".
Getting regions and cities 'right', adapting policies to the specificities of where people live and work, is vital to improving citizens’ well-being. View the country factsheets from the publication OECD Regional Outlook 2014.
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Upper secondary education is the most commonly attained level of education in most OECD countries. Poland is no exception: for more than 60% of the population, upper secondary education is the highest education level attained.
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Poland’s employment rate at 61% (Q2 2014) remains well below the OECD average but, in contrast to many other countries, it has increased slowly since the onset of the economic crisis (from 57.9% in Q1 2007).
Poland’s productivity has grown strongly over the past decade, and efforts to reduce the regulatory burden have been significant. Despite impressive progress, product market regulation remains more burdensome than in most OECD countries, partly due to the importance of red tape and the level of state involvement in the economy.
Poor labour market outcomes remain one of Poland’s major structural weaknesses, impeding firms’ competitiveness and the nation’s potential output. Boosting employment prospects is also critical, as the country will soon be ageing at a fast pace.
The average worker in Poland faced a tax burden on labour income (tax wedge) of 35.6% in 2013 compared with the OECD average of 35.9%. Poland was ranked 21 of the 34 OECD member countries in this respect.