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The tax burden in Poland increased by 0.3 percentage points from 31.8% to 32.1% in 20121. The OECD average was an increase of 0.4 percentage points from 33.3% to 34.7%. The Polish standard VAT rate is 23%, which is well above the OECD average. The average VAT/GST standard rate in the OECD was 19.1% on 1 January 2014.
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Poland has narrowed the gap in life expectancy with other EU countries over the past two decades, thanks mainly to reductions in mortality in cardiovascular diseases; still further progress in life expectancy could be achieved by further reductions in risk factors and mortality from cardiovascular diseases and cancer.
The inflow of permanent immigrants to Poland reached 14 600 persons in 2012, slightly lower than in the previous year (15 500 persons).
In 2013, Poland provided USD 474 million ODA (preliminary data), which represented 0.10% of gross national income (GNI) and an 8.6% increase in real terms from 2012.
Country notes outlining regional variations in health, jobs, safety, environment, access to services, civic engagement, housing, education, income, and employment. These notes are from the OECD publication "How's Life in Your Region?".
Getting regions and cities 'right', adapting policies to the specificities of where people live and work, is vital to improving citizens’ well-being. View the country factsheets from the publication OECD Regional Outlook 2014.
Biographical note of Poland's Permanent Represetative to the OECD.
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Upper secondary education is the most commonly attained level of education in most OECD countries. Poland is no exception: for more than 60% of the population, upper secondary education is the highest education level attained.
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Poland’s employment rate at 61% (Q2 2014) remains well below the OECD average but, in contrast to many other countries, it has increased slowly since the onset of the economic crisis (from 57.9% in Q1 2007).
Poland’s productivity has grown strongly over the past decade, and efforts to reduce the regulatory burden have been significant. Despite impressive progress, product market regulation remains more burdensome than in most OECD countries, partly due to the importance of red tape and the level of state involvement in the economy.