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This paper presents the findings from an OECD International Network on Financial Education pilot study undertaken in 14 countries. The analysis focuses on variations in financial knowledge, behaviour and attitude across countries and within countries by socio-demographics. The results highlight a lack of financial knowledge amongst a sizeable proportion of the population in each of the countries surveyed. These results will enable
The potential implications of gender differences in financial literacy are far-reaching. This paper describes the findings of a review of the literature on gender differences in financial literacy with the aim to better understand their causes and consequences, as well as possible policy responses. It provides a starting point to collect further evidence, develop analytical work and case studies, and to identify areas that deserve
This paper studies the impact of recent changes in second pension pillars of three Central and Eastern European Countries on the deficit and implicit debt of their full pension systems.
Policy actions proposed in this paper are based on initial OECD research undertaken and are intended to generate debate and discussion. Further research is planned on these topics within the framework of the project on institutional investors and long term investment. OECD Working Papers on Finance, Insurance and Private Pensions, No.13.
In the wake of the 2010 earthquake, this paper considers policy options for expanding the proportion of future Chilean earthquake losses that would be covered via new and expanded risk transfer mechanisms.
This paper examines the role of guarantees in DC pension plans, in particular minimum investment return guarantees during the accumulation phase. The main goal is to assess the cost and benefits of different return guarantees. The report uses a stochastic financial market model where guarantee claims are calculated as a financial derivative in a financial market framework (like e.g. the valuation of a put option). In this context, the
Transitioning to a low-carbon and climate resilient economy will require significant investment by private sources of capital. Pension funds and other institutional investors can play an important role to play in financing green growth initiatives. This paper examines some of the initiatives that are currently under way around the world to assist and encourage pension funds to help finance green growth.
This paper proposes a framework to help policymakers think about how best develop a national strategy to hedge against the massive economic burden of extreme events that could hit their country tomorrow, focusing specifically on the role that risk transfer mechanisms alternative to traditional insurance can play.
This paper gathers evidence on public sector pension plans regarding the type of pension promise and quantifies the future tax burden related to these pension promises. The reported liabilities are recalculated using both a fair value approach (local market discount rates) and a common, fixed discount rate across all countries which reflects projected growth in national income.
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This paper provides a detailed chronological account of the governance-cum-management reform of National Pension Fund in Korea and analyzes its success factors, drawing lessons for other countries. A review of the current governance structures with the fund versus OECD guidelines and international good practice is also provided, along with suggestions for further reform.