This report assesses the state of Armenia’s sanitation services, which are in poor shape, and proposes ways forward for reforming the sector by: ensuring equitable access by all and identifying solutions that work for the poorest and most remote communities; generating economies of scale and scope, and reducing both investment and operational costs for the efficient delivery of sanitation services; and moving towards sustainable cost recovery for the sanitation sector, by identifying how much funding can be mobilised from within the sector and how much external transfers are required. The state of Armenia’s sanitation services are inadequate, with 51% of the population in rural areas using unimproved facilities, causing direct damage to the environment and exposing inhabitants to health risks, and better access but degraded sewerage-system infrastructure in urban areas, posing health hazards due to potential cross-contamination between sewage and drinking water. According to preliminary estimates, EUR 2.6 billion of investments will be required to meet Armenia’s sanitation needs, with approximately EUR 1 billion needing to be spent in the next 7 to 10 years. Given the country’s current economic situation, this investment will have to be spread over time and targeted to avoid further deterioration of infrastructure and increase of the financing gap.
OECD working papers on finance, insurance and private pensions address such policy issues as risk management, governance, types of investments, benefit protection and financial education.
20-21 September 2017, Bangkok: The 2017 roundtable on insurance and retirement savings brought together key stakeholders from the Asia Pacific region to discuss policy issues relevant to the sound development of insurance and private pensions markets.
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“Insurtech”is the term being used to describe the new technologies with the potential to bring innovation to the insurance sector and impact the regulatory practices of insurance markets. This report catalogues these technologies and examines how InsurTech is being funded and how insurers are engaging with the start-ups entering the market.
Each year, the OECD publishes a survey of the investment regulation of pension funds which describes the main quantitative investment regulations applied to pension funds in OECD and IOPS countries. The survey questionnaire covers all types of pension plans financed via pension funds.
07/09/2017 - Flooding is one of the most common, wide-reaching and destructive natural perils, affecting on average about 250 million people around the world each year. OECD work on the financial management of flood risk has identified a number of ways that policy makers can improve the way they manage the financial implications of floods.
The Code of Liberalisation of Capital Movements and the Code of Liberalisation of Current Invisible Operations constitute legally binding rules, stipulating progressive, non-discriminatory liberalisation of capital movements, the right of establishment and current invisible transactions (mostly services). All non-conforming measures must be listed in country reservations against the Codes.
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July 2017 - This policy brief provides calculations and analysis of the long-term fiscal cost of tax incentives for private pension plans. It has been prepared within the framework of the OECD project on Financial Incentives and Retirement Savings.
English, PDF, 271kb
July 2017 - This policy brief presents the tax treatment of retirement savings in private pension plans across OECD countries and calculates the tax advantage for individuals in each country within country-specific parameters. It has been prepared within the framework of the OECD project on Financial Incentives and Retirement Savings.
Launched in 2014, this project will review the cost effectiveness of tax and other financial incentives, as well as assess the more efficient ways of using public money to increase savings for retirement, retirement income and replacement rates.