Policy makers are now facing the challenge of providing a short-term response to the crisis without losing sight of the longer-term structural reforms needed to put pension and healthcare systems on a solid footing in light of population ageing. According to Mr. Gurría, we need pension funds to be more transparent and better regulated but we also need structural reforms in the public pension policies and health care systems.
In a world where advance-countries will have to increase their water spending by huge proportions to maintain existing level of service, and the developing countries have huge supply and sanitation challenges to meet, it is fundamental to have good water management practices, according to Mr. Gurría.
According to Mr. Gurría, the crisis has led to some major new thinking, about regulation and markets, about accountability and ethics, and about the kind of economy we need to build. Our strategy is about devising better policies, better regulations and better institutional frameworks that enable businesses to flourish and public interests to be safeguarded in a stronger, cleaner and fairer world economy.
Angel Gurría shares his views about issues on the 2009 Davos agenda. Beyond short-term expediency, politicians must figure out how to set a long-term course for the global economy. Along with more effective regulation, we need fairer social policies and an end to the bottlenecks that block competition and innovation and hamper sustainable growth. We must also find ways for governments to exit from their massive emergency interventions
Mr. Gurría underlined that business ethics should be at the center of any new road-map for the global economy. Markets should not only be more stable, but morally acceptable as well. He said that it is time to reunite ethics and economics through a solid, transparent and updated set of rules.
Marking 40 years of Finnish membership to the OECD, Secretary-General Gurría underlined that Finland has been crucial in supporting OECD work from development aid, environmental sustainability, effective and efficient government, employment policies to social cohesion enabling the OECD to build a more balanced and inclusive globalised world.
The crisis has shown the vulnerability of a global economy based on the idea that ever increasing production and consumption were the key to success, says OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría.
According to Mr. Gurría, the first decade of Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) has been a success, but the onset of recession amid ongoing financial turmoil has created new challenges for monetary and fiscal policy implementation, liquidity management and the regulation and supervision of European financial institutions.
While political will is necessary to tackle climate change, financial measures are needed to keep down the cost of action. According to Angel Gurría, "Ministers of Finance share a common responsibility to help shape cost-effective policies to respond to climate change."
OECD will support the global concerted effort to re-launch the world economy with analysis and recommendations for more effective regulation and policies for a return to sustainable growth.