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Most of the action to address climate change will need to take place in developing countries, but developed countries should shoulder much of the cost, said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría today in a speech at the United Nations Climate Conference in Bali.
In his speech, Mr. Gurría presented the climate change policies that should be put into place to limit further deterioration. Answering the crucial question "who pays for it", he noted that the countries who provoked climate change have a greater capacity to pay than those who joined the group of large emitters more recently.
In his remarks, Mr. Gurría reminded that the climate is already changing and he called for immediate concerted action and a real political commitment to combat its worst impacts. He mentioned the range of economic policy options available to address this major problem.
The impact of climate change and urban development could more than triple the number of people around the world exposed to coastal flooding by 2070, according to a new report by the OECD, co-authored by experts from academia and the private sector.
In his presentation of the OECD/WTO report "Aid for Trade at a Glance", Mr. Gurría noted that effective and systematic monitoring of aid flows will strengthen mutual accountability and will provide incentives to improve the impact of donors' assistance.
In Russia 47 million people are exposed to high concentrations of nitrous dioxide. Half the population in rural Tajikistan, and one-third in Moldova, lack access to clean water. Leaded petrol is sold legally in Tajikistan and Turkmenistan.
Governments should work more closely with companies and strengthen enforcement to fight the rising global trade in counterfeit and pirated goods, according to a new OECD report.
In his speech given at the OECD forum 2007, Mr. Gurría emphasised that access to reliable and safe water is one of the greatest challenges facing humanity. The OECD is working to develop policy ideas and identify best practices to assist countries meet their water needs.
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This Annual Report highlights some of the OECD's achievements in 2007 and describes how it is helping its member countries respond to new challenges ahead.
In his address, Mr. Gurría highlighted the alarming outlook for growth in carbon dioxide emissions. He also underscored the need for collective action in developing innovative and market-based solutions in order to foster competitiveness and opportunities for growth.