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Issues of science, technology and innovation are moving to centre stage in the G20

Over the course of 2016, the OECD has worked closely with the Chinese G20 Presidency to support the development of a Blueprint for Innovative Growth. The action plans developed by the taskforces specifically aimed to unleash the potential of innovation for G20 economies, make the best of the opportunities offered by the digital economy, and reap the benefits of the new industrial revolution underway. The Hangzhou Consensus, adopted at the Leaders' Summit, explicitly recognised the role of innovation as a key driver of growth for individual countries and the global economy as a whole.

The OECD brought data, evidence and analysis to the G20, particularly contributing to discussions on the definitions of innovation and open science, on the measurement of the digital economy, and on the macroeconomic debate on measuring productivity and digitalisation. The OECD received several requests for further work in this area, including on the next industrial revolution and metrics for the digital economy, and was asked to support the Task Force on Innovative Growth that will continue the G20's work in this area. 

Science and Technology


Measuring Science, Technology and Innovation

Experimentation with metrics based on new tools and data, or new ways of using existing data, are needed to provide insights into emerging areas of policy interest, provoke debate and move the measurement agenda forward. Browse our new brochure and learn about our efforts on ∙ Measuring R&D ∙ Digital readiness ∙  ICT usage ∙  Emerging and converging technologies ∙ Human resources in S&T ∙  Innovation  ∙ Knowledge-based capital ∙ Global interdependencies ∙ Micro-data lab ∙ Distributed micro-data analysis ∙ Public support to innovation ∙ Platforms and databases 


Informing science and innovation policies: What data and indicators will address the challenges of the future?

400 participants from 48 countries met at the OECD Blue Sky Forum 2016 in Ghent on 19-21 September. Policymakers, academics, statisticians and data infrastructure experts had an open and unconstrained (Blue Sky) discussion on evidence gaps in science and innovation and initiatives to address them. The forum featured 7 debates and over 100 papers and posters with cutting edge research on metrics, techniques and analysis of science and innovation and its impacts. The Blue Sky Forum occurs every 10 years and its outcomes guide the development of a forward looking OECD measurement agenda in science and innovation.

You can access all presentations and papers on our webpage. We are looking forward to continuing the discussion and broadening the community of practice!


Increasing the contribution of higher education and public research institutions to innovation and economic growth

On 15-16 September 2016 the OECD organised a High Level Event on the Knowledge Triangle in Paris.  The event was opened by state secretaries for science from Norway (Bjørn Haugstad), Spain (Carmen Vela Olmo), the Russian Federation (Veniamin Kaganov) and Geoff Mulgan, CEO of NESTA UK.  Portuguese Minister of Science, Technology and Higher Education, Manuel Heitor, delivered a keynote speech where he made a plea for better linking research and higher education policies with regional policies. Experts and stakeholders  shared their perspectives on the role that research funding policies; governance structures; institutional leadership and impact assessment can play in helping institutions improve the quality and relevance of education and research on the one hand and their contribution to innovation on the other.

Innovation and Productivity


How can IP policy help support innovation in Kazakhstan?

Kazakhstan aims to position itself within the top 30 global economies by 2050 by building a diversified, innovation-based economy. Boosting Kazakhstan’s National Intellectual Property System for Innovation assesses Kazakhstan’s IP system and provides detailed policy recommendations: improvement of the inter-governmental co-ordination of IP policy; consolidation of commercialisation support services for researchers and support of the private sector’s use of IP are critical.

Industry and Globalisation


Domestic labour inputs sustained by foreign final demand

Growing economic integration worldwide has increased the sensitivity of employment in one country or region to changes in demand in other countries or regions. However, traditional statistics do not reveal the full nature of interdependencies - notably how consumers in one country may drive production and thus, sustain jobs in economies further up the value chain. The OECD’s Inter-Country Input-Output (ICIO) Database, primarily developed to produce indicators of Trade in Value Added (TiVA), also allows indicators to be developed that provide insights into the origins of demand for a country’s employment. For more see our new Trade in Employment webpage.

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Digital economy
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OECD-WTO Trade in Value Added (TiVA)
Broadband Portal
Main Science and Technology Indicators
Research and Development Database
Input-Output Database
Structural Analysis Database
Bilateral Trade Database
Patent Database