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Special Edition: 2015 OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard

The 2015 edition of the STI Scoreboard identifies the emerging players in science and innovation and the leaders in new, cutting-edge technologies. It shows how jobs and demand for skills depend on demand from your trading partners; or how a country contributes to global value chains in electronics, or motor vehicles, or textiles. It tells you what happened to productivity, firm dynamics and jobs during the recovery. With over 200 indicators, a mix of established and first-time ones, the Scoreboard builds on internationally comparable and unique datasets, including Trade in Value Added (TiVA).
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The STI Scoreboard looks at broader and emerging trends in the science and innovation landscape. A special brief on Science and Research Today uses indicators to look closely at government R&D budgets during the crisis, at research excellence and mobility over time. The Scoreboard also provides a multi-dimensional x-ray of a country’s performance in science, technology and innovation. It shows how ready a country – both OECD and emerging economies – is for the future, based on investments in the knowledge infrastructure; the extent of knowledge diffusion; the degree to which businesses innovate; countries' competitive strengths in the global economy and the use of technology in society. Five thematic chapters can be used for monitoring and assessing economies' relative strengths and weaknesses. You can find here examples of countries' profiles here.

What is the importance of knowledge-based capital for productivity and economic growth?

Firms in many OECD countries invest as much or more in KBCs they do in physical capital. Investment patterns mirror the industrial structure of economies and differences in the knowledge intensity of sectors.

Business investment in fixed and knowledge-based capital, selected economies, 2013
As a percentage of business sectors’ gross value added



How much do firms invest in training?

Investment in training helps workers to acquire the skills and competences that firms need. Training improves the performance of workers and their ability to adapt to technological and organisational change, it helps to retain workers thanks to the rewarding effect it has on employees and, more generally, relates positively to productivity growth.

Investment in training, 2011-12
As a percentage of national gross value added


How connected are you? Mobility of Scientists

The international mobility of scientists can be related to relevant policies, including research funding, support for international mobility, and migration policies. Analysis of the economies involved in the largest cumulative absolute number of flows from 1999 to 2013 reveals that economies such as Australia, China and Switzerland owe most of their overall positive net inflow to recent trends.

International net flows of scientific authors, selected economies, 1999-2013
Difference between annual inflows and outflows, as percentage of cumulative net flows



How much support do governments give firms to incentivise R&D?

In addition to providing direct R&D support such as grants or contracts, many governments also incentivise firms’ R&D through tax relief measures. In 2015, 28 OECD countries gave preferential tax treatment to business R&D expenditures.

Direct government funding of business R&D and tax incentives for R&D, 2013
As a percentage of GDP



How many jobs depend on final demand in other countries?

Estimates of jobs embodied in foreign final demand can reveal the extent of a country’s integration into the global economy. The increase in the number of firms specialising in particular stages of global production has led to deepening dependencies between economies.

Jobs in the business sector sustained by foreign final demand, by region of demand, 2011
As a percentage of total business sector employment



How are citizens engaged in digitalisation?

The Internet permeates every aspect of the economy and society and has become an essential element of our lives. The activities carried out over the Internet vary widely across countries, as a result of institutional, cultural or economic factors. By analysing the breadth of online activities it is possible to develop an indicator of user sophistication.

Number of activities performed online, 2014
Per Internet user by educational attainment and age



All figures and underlying data in the STI Scoreboard 2015 can be downloaded in Excel files in the publication via the Statlink located at the bottom of each chart, or in the newsletter by clicking on the image. Additional data that expand the coverage of countries and time periods are available at the same links as “more” data.

Note: The information included in this newsletter is based on the October 2015 release of the OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard. The data can be accessed from

This document and any map included herein are without prejudice to the status of or sovereignty over any territory, to the delimitation of international frontiers and boundaries and to the name of any territory, city or area.
The statistical data for Israel are supplied by and under the responsibility of the relevant Israeli authorities or third party. The use of such data by the OECD is without prejudice to the status of the Golan Heights, East Jerusalem and Israeli settlements in the West Bank under the terms of international law.


Digital economy
Broadband and telecom
Innovation in science, technology and industry
Industry, entrepreneurship and productivity
Science and technology policy
Biotechnology policies
Consumer policy


OECD-WTO Trade in Value Added (TiVA)
Broadband Portal
Main Science and Technology Indicators
Research and Development Database
Input-Output Database
Structural Analysis Database
Bilateral Trade Database
Patent Database