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Industry and Globalisation

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Routine jobs, employment and technological innovation in global value chains

How do global value chains (GVCs), skills, ICT, innovation and industry structure affect employment and routine and non-routine occupations? This paper suggests that comparatively higher skills are associated with higher employment levels in non-routine and low-routine intensive occupations. The results point to the existence of complex interactions between the routine content of occupations, skills, technology, industry structure and trade, which do not allow for a neat identification of "winners" and "losers" in the context of GVCs. A persistent and positive role of skills and innovative output for employment is found across all routine-intensive occupations.


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Reshoring: Myth or reality?

Reshoring –when multinational companies bring manufacturing activities home – has attracted much attention lately. Although some argue that large-scale offshoring has come to an end, the magnitude and importance of this trend is disputed. Particularly uncertain is the number of jobs that reshoring is supposed to bring back.

While policy makers may hope that reshoring can help revitalise slumping manufacturing industries, this paper demonstrates that the rationale for policy measures around reshoring is far from clear-cut.

Innovation and Productivity

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Two-thirds of OECD countries decrease their R&D budgets

Provisional data for 2015 indicates that public R&D budgets in the OECD area continued their downward trend since 2010, after briefly stabilising in 2014. Among countries for which 2015 data are available, two-thirds have decreased their R&D budgets in real terms and the estimated OECD total has dropped by 1.32%. In a number of countries, this decline may have been mitigated by growing support through R&D tax incentives, which have been increasing in relative importance over time. 


productivity

Launch of the OECD Global Forum on Productivity

Productivity is the main driver of economic growth and well-being with investment in innovation, knowledge-based capital and ICT being key drivers. The recent productivity slowdown has sparked widespread interest, with the debate centring on the extent to which the productivity slowdown is temporary, or a sign of more permanent things to come. Established last month, the Global Forum on Productivity (GFP) provides a forum for mutual exchange of information and will foster international co-operation between public bodies with responsibility for promoting productivity-enhancing policies. It will engage in three main lines of activity – convening, communication and analysis – leveraging the OECD comparative advantage and expertise in these areas.


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Blue Sky Forum: Call for papers

Every decade experts gather at the “OECD Blue Sky Forum” to identify evidence gaps in science and innovation and develop a common agenda to address these data needs. This year’s event will be held in Ghent, Belgium, on 19-21 September 2016.

Original contributions on STI themes from the academic, statistical and policy making communities will help develop a forward-looking and policy-relevant agenda on STI measurement. Submit your papers here.


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Latin America: Invest in digital and innovation to boost productivity

Latin American countries have weaker innovation performance compared to both OECD countries and other emerging economies. Promoting Productivity for Inclusive Growth in Latin America suggests that improvements in framework conditions are needed, as well as more effective research and innovation policies, including stronger co-operation between business and research institutions. At the same time, the region must invest more in digital infrastructure, especially broadband and data, and promote data sharing and reuse.

Digital Economy

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OECD Ministerial: Meeting the policy challenges of tomorrow’s digital economy

From 21-23 June 2016, Ministers, the business community, civil society, labour and the Internet technical community will gather in Cancún, Mexico, for an OECD Ministerial Meeting on the Digital Economy: Innovation, Growth and Social Prosperity. This meeting will be an important opportunity to move the digital policy agenda forward by helping policymakers and other stakeholders lay the groundwork to seize the benefits of the digital economy while at the same time better navigating the potential trade-offs.

This blog discusses the policy and regulatory frameworks needed to support the digital environment and prepare for the economic and social changes ahead.

Did you know?

Top 250 corporate R&D investors account for 70% of global business R&D and patents and 44% of trademarks

The raw data on the IP bundle of top corporate R&D investors is now available. The EC-JRC/OECD COR&DIP© database contains information about the R&D activity and inventive output (i.e. patents and trademarks) of the top 2000 corporate R&D performers worldwide.

R&D expenditures and the IP bundle of the top R&D companies, 2012

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933273408

For more check out oe.cd/ipstats


Topics

Digital economy
Broadband and telecom
Innovation in science, technology and industry
Industry, entrepreneurship and productivity
Science and technology policy
Biotechnology policies
Consumer policy

Statistics

OECD-WTO Trade in Value Added (TiVA)
Broadband Portal
Main Science and Technology Indicators
Research and Development Database
Input-Output Database
Structural Analysis Database
Bilateral Trade Database
Patent Database