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Special Daejeon Ministerial Edition

Ministers and Heads of Delegation from 47 countries including OECD and emerging economies met in Daejeon, Korea on 20-21 October to discuss science, technology and innovation policies for the global and digital age.

This special edition of the STI Newsletter highlights the OECD work that provided the basis for discussion at the meeting and the outputs of the meeting.


Daejeon Declaration: Setting the direction for OECD work on science and technology

Science and technology ministers from OECD countries and emerging economies agreed to a forward-looking agenda for science and technology in a joint declaration adopted at the OECD’s first ministerial level meeting on science and technology since 2004. Ministers requested the OECD to strengthen its advice on science and technology policies, notably on open science, impact assessment and international co-operation, and to continue improving its statistics and measurement systems. The organisation should also look at improving the coherence of national research agendas to address shared research challenges, avoid duplication, and identify possible gaps in global research efforts.


Meeting 21st-Century Challenges with Science, Technology and Innovation

The efficiency and effectiveness of policy for science, technology and innovation (STI) is key to long-term economic growth. Breakthroughs in STI are also needed to address global challenges in cost-effective ways, in areas ranging from climate change, to disease threats and the consequences of an ageing population. In recent years, almost all major themes in policy for STI have been examined by the OECD’s Committee for Scientific and Technological Policy (CSTP ). A background document for the Daejeon Ministerial, Meeting 21st Century Challenges provides a synthesis of the key policy lessons learned through CSTP’s work. The report also aims to identify the most important unanswered questions about policies for STI, and examines where additional information and analysis might be helpful to policy makers.


How to marshal the power of innovation?

Governments should concentrate innovation policies on five concrete areas for action to foster more productive and prosperous societies, increase well-being, and strengthen the global economy. The OECD Innovation Imperative focuses on effective skills strategies, a sound, open and competitive business environment, sustained public investment, increased access and participation in the digital economy, and sound governance and implementation.

The report, the 2015 update to the OECD’s Innovation Strategy and an input to the Daejeon Ministerial, also finds that governments should stop policies that unduly favour incumbents, given that young firms are crucial in driving innovation, job creation and growth. With the digital economy and the sharing economy changing the business landscape by allowing new ideas and business models to emerge, it is more urgent than ever to give young firms the means to experiment with new technologies and organisational models.


What policies, incentives and strategies for Open Science?

In an era of big data, universities, research funding councils and governments need to go beyond promoting the publication of scientific articles in open access journals or in public repositories if they want to boost the impact of publicly-funded research on innovation. Making Open Science a Reality provided the basis for discussion at a key session of the Ministerial. It reviews recent policy trends to enable open access and finds that while countries have successfully implemented open access policies to varying degrees, many are still slow to promote and encourage open access to data from public research. Publicly funded research and its underlying data should be transparent and openly available. Safeguards are needed to protect data integrity and privacy. Science and research actors also need to work together to design appropriate incentives mechanisms for researchers to share data.


Out now: OECD’s STI Scoreboard 2015

The OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard provides policy makers and analysts with the means to compare economies and monitor progress towards national or international policy goals. Launched the day before the Daejeon Ministerial, the 2015 edition provides over 200 indicators on OECD and major non-OECD economies. It encourages countries to step up their investment in long-term R&D to develop frontier technologies that will reshape industry, healthcare and communications and provide urgently needed solutions to global challenges like climate change. An upcoming STI Newsletter will be dedicated specially to the 2015 Scoreboard. Individual country notes and thematic briefs, e.g. on R&D tax incentives and researcher mobility, will also be released in the coming weeks.


Guidelines for Collecting and Reporting Data on Research and Experimental Development

The Frascati Manual, the international standard for measuring research and development, was first published in 1963 and is one of the OECD’s most widely translated publications. As the basis for internationally comparable data on R&D, the manual plays a core role in informing science and research policies worldwide.

This updated 7th edition, launched in Daejeon, contains improved guidelines reflecting recent changes in the way R&D takes place and is funded and the wider use of R&D statistics and definitions. It includes new chapters dedicated to the practical aspects of collecting R&D data in different sectors, and provides new guidance on capturing various types of public support for R&D such as tax incentives.