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Migration

Recruiting Immigrant Workers: Australia 2018

In series:Recruiting Immigrant Workersview more titles

Published on November 28, 2018

book

Australia has always been a nation of immigrants. More than one quarter of its population in 2015 was born abroad. Immigrants make an important economic and demographic contribution and help address skill and labour shortages. Labour migration is managed through a complex, but well-functioning and effective system which sets and respects annual migration targets. In recent years, the labour migration system has shifted from a mainly supply-driven system to a system where demand-driven migration represents close to half of the permanent skilled migration programme and demand-driven temporary migration has also risen sharply. In addition, two-step migration has gained ground in recent years. The review examines the implications of these changes for the composition of immigrants and their labour market outcomes. Moreover, it discusses recent changes in the tools used to manage labour migration and provides a detailed analysis on the impact of the introduction of SkillSelect on the efficiency of the system. Finally, the review discusses the extent to which the current labour migration system responds to the labour market needs of Australia's States and Territories.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Foreword
Executive summary
Summary and recommendations
Context for labour migration to Australia
Evolution and characteristics of labour migration to Australia
Main tools and actors in Australia's labour migration policy
The growth of demand-driven migration in Australia
Skillselect – Australia's expression of interest system
Temporary migration with work rights and pathways from temporary migration to permanent residency
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