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On the occasion of the OECD High Level Policy Forum on Migration taking place on December 1 and 2 2014, Secretary General Angel Gurria congratulates President Obama on taking action to address the unsustainable situation of undocumented immigrants.
This series offers a comprehensive overview of latest developments in policies that deal with migration management and integration.
The relevance of migrants has never been so evident. One in ten persons in the OECD is foreign-born, that is more than 115 million people. And, albeit modestly, migration flows to the OECD countries are on the rise again after the slowdown associated with the global financial crisis,having increased by 1% in 2013 compared to 2012.
After two years of decline, permanent immigration to France from outside the EEA and Switzerland increased in 2012 to 163 000 persons (an annual increase of 6% and the highest level since 2006).
The number of foreigners in Belgium has been increasing since the year 2002. In 2012, 123 000 persons immigrated to Belgium – about 9 000 persons fewer than in 2011.
After three years of steady decline, migration into the Czech Republic picked up in 2012, as the total number of immigrants reached more than 30 000 persons, an annual increase of about 34%.
Bulgaria remained in recession through 2012 and into 2013. Economic contraction and persistent high unemployment remain an incentive for emigration, albeit at a lower level than in the past.
Migration inflows to Chile started to increase towards the end of the 1990s and continued to grow, in particular during the last decade.
In 2012, official statistics for outflows from Latvia totalled 25 200 while inflows were 12 300.
The increasing number of people moving within the European Union is driving the rise in migration registered in OECD countries, after several years of decline caused by the crisis. High skilled migration and humanitarian movements to OECD countries are also increasing. Migration policies need to keep pace with these changes, according to a new OECD report.