Relying on OECD’s Continuous Reporting System on Migration (known by its French acronym SOPEMI), the OECD analyses recent changes in migration flows and stocks in member and partner countries. Recent data show that recession has slowed migration, especially that driven by labour demand. Yet, because of some structural needs on the labour markets, labour migration did not come to a halt. And family and humanitarian movements are less sensitive to changes in labour market conditions.
The OECD analyses the impact of migration policies on migrant flows. Unlike family or humanitarian migration, labour migration can, to some extent, be monitored by host countries and the access to the labour market restricted (including sometimes in free movement areas). Immigration of highly-skilled or lesser skilled workers will be needed in the future as the recovery progresses and the current labour market slack is absorbed. OECD countries developed various policies to govern migration flows.
Integration of Immigrants
Labour market integration is a key factor to ensure that immigrants and their children make their way and are accepted in the societies of OECD countries. In addition, on a longer-term perspective, labour market integration is a prerequisite for migration to counter the demographic consequences of population ageing and to fill labour shortages. With the unfolding economic crisis, labour market conditions have deteriorated rapidly in all OECD countries. This situation is threatening the progress made in recent years in terms of labour market outcomes of immigrants in a number of OECD countries especially those hardly hit by the crisis.