The project Migration-Demography Database: A monitoring system of the demographic impact of migration and mobility, jointly carried out by the OECD and the European Commission, studies the contribution of migration to past and future labour force dynamics in selected EU and non-EU OECD countries. After assessing the role of migration over the last five to 10 years in shaping the occupational and educational composition of the labour force, this project looks at the potential contribution of migrationto the labour force in a range of alternative scenarios.
The first part of the project focuses on the changes that have taken place in the last 10 years and studies how migration flows have contributed to the dynamics of the labour force, in particular in comparison to other labour market entries. It also analyses the contribution of migration in specific skills categories and in specific occupations.
The second part of the project focuses on projections over the period 2015-2030, and aims at identifying the drivers of changes in working-age population and active population in European countries, and in particular the role of migration flows.