Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development in Costa Rica

In series:OECD Development Pathwaysview more titles

Published on July 31, 2017

Also available in: Spanish

Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development in Costa Rica is the result of a project carried out by the Centro Centroamericano de Población (CCP) at the University of Costa Rica and the OECD Development Centre, in collaboration with the Dirección General de Migración y Extranjeria (DGME) and with support from the European Union. The project aimed to provide policy makers with evidence on the way migration influences specific sectors – the labour market, agriculture, education, investment and financial services and social protection and health – and, in turn, how sectoral policies affect migration. The report addresses four dimensions of the migration cycle: emigration, remittances, return and immigration.The results of the empirical work confirm that migration contributes to the development of Costa Rica, but the potential of migration is not fully exploited. One explanation is that, despite the acknowledgement of the links between migration and development in recent legislation and policy,  policy makers in Costa Rica do not sufficiently take migration into account in all respective policy areas. Costa Rica therefore needs to adopt a more coherent policy agenda to better integrate migration into development strategies, improve co-ordination mechanisms and strengthen international co-operation, to enhance the contribution of migration to development in the country.


Acronyms and abbreviations
Facts and figures of Costa Rica
Executive summary
Integrating migration and development in Costa Rica: Overview and policy recommendations
Costa Rica's migration landscape
Understanding the methodological framework used in Costa Rica
What impacts does migration have on development in Costa Rica?
How do sectoral policies affect migration in Costa Rica?
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Launch event

The report was launch during the event : "¿Qué rol tienen las políticas públicas en la dinámica de las migraciones en Costa Rica?",  on 21 July 2017, in San José, Costa Rica.


Press note

21 July 2017 - Costa Rica stands to benefit from integrating migration further into sectoral and national development strategies, says new joint OECD Development Centre – CCP report.

(The press note is also available in Spanish)


Find out more about the Interrelations between Public Policies, Migration and Development (IPPMD) project