Canada is in 6th place in the OECD in terms of the share of immigrants in its population, with the foreign-born accounting for 20% of the total population. 18% of them arrived in the last 5 years compared with 22% on average across OECD countries. The foreign-born population is on average more educated than across OECD countries, with 52% of highly educated compared with 31% across OECD countries. 38% come from an OECD high-income country and 46% from a country with the same official language.

The immigrant household median income in Canada is in the top half of OECD countries but its level is 21% lower than the native-born one (compared with -21% across OECD countries). 23% of persons living in an immigrant household live with income below the poverty line, compared with an average of 17% across OECD countries.

Canada is among the top five countries with the highest share of nationals among its foreign-born population. In 2010, 9.4% of its foreign population was naturalised, compared with 2.9% across OECD countries.

Infomation on the figures by topic:

The selected country appears dark blue, the OECD average light blue (click here if you cannot visualise these figures)

Topic Definition
Housing Immigrants living in a suitably-sized dwelling, %, 2009
Income Annual equivalised disposable income, USD, 2008
Health Foreign-born adults reporting to be in good health, %, 2009
Education Mean reading score of native-born children of immigrants, points, PISA 2009
Employment Employment rate of the foreign-born population (15-64), %, 2009-10
Skill matching Highly educated immigrants (15-64) in highly skilled jobs, % of highly educated immigrant employed, 2009-10
Naturalisation Persons naturalised in 2010 as a % of the foreign population in 2009


Foreign-born population
6.6 millions
19.6 % of total population
Foreign-born population (15-64)
  Canada OECD average
Recent immigrants
  18% 17%
Highly educated
  52% 31%
From an OECD high-income country
  38% 28%
From country with same official language
  46% 27%