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In August 2014, the OECD Development Centre, in collaboration with the International Labour Organization (ILO), initiated a three-and-a-half-year project aimed at assessing the economic contribution of labour migration in developing countries as countries of destination.
How can governments ensure that migration and free movement of workers contribute to meeting the labour market shortages that are expected to arise over the next 50 years? How can societies better use the skills of their migrants? What lessons can non-European OECD countries offer Europe, particularly regarding labour migration management? “Matching economic migration with labour market needs” addresses these questions.
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This policy brief is a result of a joint European Commission and OECD research project over three years on Matching Economic Migration with Labour Market Needs.
New Zealand, is one of the OECD countries with large and longstanding labour migration. The report finds that by and large, the New Zealand labour migration system is functioning well. Several features of the NZ immigration system, such as the Expression of Interest system, are gradually about to become an example for selection systems elsewhere in the OECD.
Italy should step up its efforts to help immigrants and their children integrate into society and learn the skills they need to improve their job prospects and earnings, according to a new OECD report.
This report presents an overview of the skills and qualifications of immigrants in Italy, their key labour market outcomes in international comparison, and their evolution over time, given the highly segmented Italian labour market and its high share of informal jobs.
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By exploring the link between international migration and development, the work of the Development Centre demonstrates the important gains from migration for migrants themselves, as well as for countries of origin and destination.
Public policies play a key role in maximising the benefits and minimising the costs of migration, both in countries of origin and destination. In such contexts, we explore the value of incorporating migration into development strategies while ensuring policy coherence for development.
Our work examines the relationship between migration and gender and the associated policy implications. We explore in particular the determinants of female migration, the impact of migration on women’s empowerment and their human rights, as well as gender-specific experiences of migration.
Given that South-South migration – accounting for 36% of global migration – differs from migration to OECD countries in important ways, our work seeks to help policy makers create policies that address South-South migration and are in line with comprehensive development strategies.