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Germany


  • 15-October-2019

    English

    Unlocking the Potential of Migrants in Germany

    The German vocational education and training (VET) system is admired around the world for its ability to prepare young people for skilled employment. In Germany, VET smooths transitions into work and is closely aligned with labour market demand. This report focuses on an unprecedented test of the German VET system: how to respond to the significant increase in migrants who arrived in the country in 2015-16. The study explores both the opportunities and the challenges presented by migration. Germany has already devoted significant attention to VET as a mechanism for enabling integration – and for good reason. Work-based learning assists integration because it demonstrably gives learners skills that employers want in real-world settings. The report assesses the barriers faced by learners in their journeys into and through VET, exploring how such challenges can be addressed. In addition, the study looks at system-wide issues in relation to how VET provision and integration policy is governed. Lastly, it explores opportunities for increased flexibility in the German VET system of relevance to all youth at risk of not succeeding in VET. In responding to migrant needs, German VET can become more inclusive without reducing quality.
  • 29-June-2018

    English, PDF, 317kb

    Germany Policy Brief : Using migration to meet skills shortages

    Germany faces growing labour shortages both in high- and medium-skilled occupations and well-managed labour migration is a key policy lever to mitigate these shortages.

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  • 14-March-2017

    English, PDF, 1,139kb

    Finding their way - Labour Market Integration of Refugees in Germany

    The report provides a brief overview of the characteristics of recently arrived asylum seekers and discusses current labour market conditions and the outlook for integration. In the preparation of this report, extensive consultations with employers were undertaken. Recent policy initiatives are assessed against good practices from other OECD countries.

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  • 30-April-2016

    English, PDF, 343kb

    Germany Policy Brief: Integrating Refugees and Other Migrants into Education and Training

    If Germany improves the responsiveness of education and training to the needs of refugees and other migrants, it will also improve integration outcomes.

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  • 1-June-2015

    English

    Talent Abroad: A Review of German Emigrants

    More than three million individuals who were born in Germany lived in another OECD country in 2010/11. To assess the potential that this group represents for the German labour market, this review establishes the distribution of German emigrants over OECD countries, as well as their age, sex, and educational attainment. Shifts in the German diaspora towards European destination countries and higher educational attainment are documented. The largest German diaspora still resides in the United States, but the diaspora in Switzerland and Spain has grown particularly quickly. International students from Germany have even come to represent the largest group of international students from any OECD country. While German emigrants experience less favourable labour market outcomes than their peers in Germany, the emigrants work disproportionately often in high-skill occupations. Survey evidence suggests that many Germans in Germany consider emigration and that many German emigrants are open to return. Those who have returned in recent years, however, appear to have a lower educational attainment than those leaving. 
  • 1-June-2015

    English

    More than 3 million German emigrants in OECD countries

    Germany is both the OECD’s second-largest country of immigration and one of the main origin countries of emigrants: 3.4 million people born in Germany were living in another OECD country in 2011, says a new OECD report “Talent Abroad: A Review of German Emigrants”.

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  • 1-December-2014

    English

    Key findings on migration in Germany 2014

    In 2013, net immigration to Germany reached about 437 000 persons, which represented a significant increase compared with previous years (in 2012, it was 370 000).

  • 4-February-2013

    English

    Labour migration: Germany is open to graduates but immigration is difficult for medium-skilled workers

    Germany is one of the OECD countries with the lowest barriers to immigration for high-skilled workers. However, long-term labour migration is low in comparison with other countries.

  • 4-February-2013

    English

    Recruiting immigrant workers: Germany

    Labour migration is supposed to be one means to help meet future labour and skill shortages caused by a shrinking working-age population, this book addresses the question of how to ensure that international recruitment can help meet urgent needs in the labour market which cannot be met locally.

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  • 10-July-2007

    German

    Deutschland sollte Migranten zu besseren Chancen auf dem Arbeitsmarkt verhelfen

    „Jobs for Immigrants: Labour Market Integration in Australia, Denmark, Germany and Sweden“ - Menschen mit Migrationshintergrund haben es auf dem deutschen Arbeitsmarkt deutlich schwererer, eine angemessene Beschäftigung zu finden als Personen ohne Migrationshintergrund. Dies ist zum Teil auf das geringere Bildungsniveau von Migranten zurückzuführen. Doch auch bei gleicher Bildung schneiden Migranten und deren Kinder deutlich

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