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If Germany improves the responsiveness of education and training to the needs of refugees and other migrants, it will also improve integration outcomes.
More than three million individuals who were born in Germany lived in another OECD country in 2010/11. To assess the potential that this group represents for the German labour market, this review establishes the distribution of German emigrants over OECD countries, as well as their age, sex, and educational attainment. Shifts in the German diaspora towards European destination countries and higher educational attainment are documented. The largest German diaspora still resides in the United States, but the diaspora in Switzerland and Spain has grown particularly quickly. International students from Germany have even come to represent the largest group of international students from any OECD country. While German emigrants experience less favourable labour market outcomes than their peers in Germany, the emigrants work disproportionately often in high-skill occupations. Survey evidence suggests that many Germans in Germany consider emigration and that many German emigrants are open to return. Those who have returned in recent years, however, appear to have a lower educational attainment than those leaving.
Germany is both the OECD’s second-largest country of immigration and one of the main origin countries of emigrants: 3.4 million people born in Germany were living in another OECD country in 2011, says a new OECD report “Talent Abroad: A Review of German Emigrants”.
In 2013, net immigration to Germany reached about 437 000 persons, which represented a significant increase compared with previous years (in 2012, it was 370 000).
Germany is one of the OECD countries with the lowest barriers to immigration for high-skilled workers. However, long-term labour migration is low in comparison with other countries.
Labour migration is supposed to be one means to help meet future labour and skill shortages caused by a shrinking working-age population, this book addresses the question of how to ensure that international recruitment can help meet urgent needs in the labour market which cannot be met locally.
„Jobs for Immigrants: Labour Market Integration in Australia, Denmark, Germany and Sweden“ - Menschen mit Migrationshintergrund haben es auf dem deutschen Arbeitsmarkt deutlich schwererer, eine angemessene Beschäftigung zu finden als Personen ohne Migrationshintergrund. Dies ist zum Teil auf das geringere Bildungsniveau von Migranten zurückzuführen. Doch auch bei gleicher Bildung schneiden Migranten und deren Kinder deutlich